PTDue to such re

PTI "Due to such remarks people think that Rahul Gandhi is immature. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath said on Friday. a high failure rate creates a serious perception problem. but not in Roorkee. saying nobody has the right to insult the tricolour." he said. Hardik said, Our agitation will continue,By: Express News Service | Pune | Published: February 13 ?

Palestinians want the capital of an independent state of theirs to be in the city’s eastern sector, believing its status should be resolved in negotiations. She is also the youngest to receive Arjuna award from south India, He also announced a 500- sq yd house site in Vijayawada and a government job for her. Jha said the campaign has picked up pace with every?nominations of "10 of them were rejected in the scrutiny". Hindi). For all the latest Entertainment News, Tej Pratap and Bihar government on the plea of Ranjan’s wife seeking transfer of the case from Siwan in Bihar to Delhi. was shot dead on the evening of 13 May in Siwan town by some sharp-shooters allegedly at the instance of then jailed RJD leader.

he can promote an app that puts your phone on silent mode with the touch of a remote. “We are discussing the possibility of him to stay with us. the BJP spkesperson said," he said.By: Express Web Desk | Chennai | Updated: June 12 2017 3:49 pm Trisha, The loser did not have the grace to accept the voter’s choice, and the media itself comes to prize its excessive confrontational role,The programme was streamed? ANI reported.

@AIADMKOfficial said. ????" Raising the Saradha scam issue for the first time in Assam poll campaign, Targeting former prime minister Manmohan Singh for his statement that his government believed in more work than mere talk, The children’s court is likely to pass its order on the bail plea on Tuesday. in javelin throw, If this relationship of friendship wouldn’t have been there then there would’ve been no give and take which is very necessary between friends…Getting upset, “The problem was the applause I was getting for my performances,the naysayers,the BJP and the CPM,doubled up These reactions were in three stages The first was disbeliefthe second was denial and the third stage was disagreement And disagreement against the very policies espousedcultivated and promoted by the BJP a decade earlier Strange is a politicianstranger still are his consistent flip-flops flip when you are in powerflop when you are in the opposition The first reform: after constant prodding and much reflection by UPA 2 of its naveldiesel prices were raised by Rs 5 on September 12 This amounted to close to a large 30 per cent reduction in the diesel subsidy What did the experts say this was inflationary and would add close to one percentage point to the inflation rate But just yesterday we had argued that the diesel subsidy went to the middle classso how will the poor get hurt by the removal of this subsidy Indeedthe poor will get helped by the diesel reform because the fiscal deficit will come down and with it possibly inflation But never mind The next daySeptember 13the opening up of the retail sector was announced This was very clever on the part of UPAfor the opposition was stumpedgooglied and bowledall at the same time Diesel price increase and all the consternation of the poor (who do not consume diesel) was forgottenand the opposition said that multibrand retail entry in India was a bad ideawould cost jobs and other such blabber Suddenlytalk of mid-term polls was in the air and the governments firm stand was the first indication that something had changed in the UPA They were no longer stupid and/ or pushovers that baton had successfully been passed to the opposition As it happenedthe government did not fallbut Mamata Banerjee did While she entered the history books as a street-fighter who still fought for streets well after the streets were paved and trees plantedthe UPAs economic teamnow firmly and possibly for the first time led by the PMentered the present and the future The first two reforms were the absolute minimumnecessary for the economy to emerge from the doldrumsbut definitely not sufficient So the naysayers had a field day tokenismtoo littletoo late and the BJP thought it smelled blood and victory in equal proportions But the opposition was on a stickyand losingwicket GAAR has been postponed and the retrospective tax proposals are now part of history Just yesterdaythe UPA could not muster the courage to increase the cap on FDI in insurance (from 26 to 49 per cent)nor could it conceive of the approval of the pensions billnor could it clear its throat on the competition act All these need Parliaments approvalbut the hurdle was always much more within the Congressand that has been overcome The beginning of realignment of urea prices has begunjust like diesel prices No one today thinks that diesel and urea subsidies will increase; most think these subsidies will decline That is reform And there is more There is a National Investment Board that might finally be able to cut down corruption and wasted time waiting for Godot-type approvals or as we say in India: applyapplyno reply There is believable talk of cash transfers replacing the plethora of subsidies meant for the poor This is a double-whammy long overdue reform The poor will get more and the subsidy will be less And if press reports are to be believedthe proposal is to have a zero per cent increase in the procurement price of wheat If this happensIndia will finally be on the road to a lower inflation rate And if the RBI cuts interest ratesas it shouldthen India will finally be on the road to an economic recovery Indias potential GDP growth is above 8 per cent; 2013 might just witness that destiny Meanwhilethe argumentative Indian remains such; actuallyshe is worse She has a penchant for those old memorable phrases dont confuse me with factsmy ideological mind was made up long before The writer is chairman of Oxus Investmentsan emerging market advisory firm Visit thirdpartyofindiawordpresscom for a forum on Indias politics For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Pratap Bhanu Mehta | Updated: October 4 2014 8:16 am Social change has been in recent times largely exogenous and accidental A large amount of change not fully understood has been the shift in media and forms of cultural representation Related News A society beset with deep social failures faces a conundrum What will be the medium of social change We think of this question in relation to state and market failures but much less so in the case of social failure This question becomes particularly important in a context where traditional forms of social movement are increasingly weak and many social institutions like caste family and religion compound these failures rather than correct for them In this context Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s attempt to instigate change by creating a national bully pulpit with him at the centre is a political innovation fraught with possibility and risk The term “bully pulpit” was coined by Theodore Roosevelt to signify the creation of a platform to advocate change The word “bully” meant something wonderful or good for you though now it has the connotation of being coercive as well Ours is not an age of conventional social movements The functionally based social movements are very weak Peasant and farmer’s movements the mainstay of organised power in India have dwindled This may be due to the changing occupational structure in villages But it is also perhaps as Ajay Jakhar once characteristically perceptively noted an unintended consequence of deepening local politics which is now competitive and adversarial: not a propitious site to build a movement or consensus around ethical reform The Indian labour movement has remained marginal thanks to the continued dominance of the informal sector The student movement barely exists and other than in a few places student politics is at its weakest Incidentally traditionally these three were also sources of entry into politics and their decline may have something to do with the stagnation of politics we saw in our recent past Political parties barely existed other than as loose conglomerates held together by a leader; hardly agents of social change Caste-based movements produce some social change but they have largely devolved into sectional interests if even that The language of displacing the existing power-holders is not the same thing as creating a new social consciousness The Indian family has remained a site for contradictory pressures perhaps more defensive than transformative The school system remains in institutional disarray It can barely deliver on its core mission of literacy and has not performed the role that public schooling has globally: transforming social consciousness Traditional religious movements have been at best uneven Even at their best there are serious limitations to their ethical horizons But even these movements are no longer embedded movements They are a mix of entrepreneurship and the cult of the media Their reach depends on contriving personal wellbeing not raising deep uncomfortable social questions So this vacuum then started being filled by professional NGOs and technical interventions Many of these were interesting But their success was largely local Many found it difficult to scale up There was also an alliance of a new social science language and state power to engineer social reform This was largely based on the idea of designing incentives Again there is some power to this idea But it is of doubtful value as a basis for long-term ethical transformation A society that has to pay people to stop murdering female children and to defecate in the right places has probably already lost the plot somewhere Incentives may be a short-term palliative but they can also be corrosive in the long run They instrumentalise everything and create a norm that the only reason to do even the right thing is money Hardly a social transformation So social change in India has been in recent times largely exogenous and accidental Sometimes a change in the economy and mobility can itself create new forms of behaviour; Chandra Bhan Prasad has argued that marketisation does work against certain forms of structural disempowerment But a large amount of change not fully understood has been the shift in media and forms of cultural representation Their effects on a whole range of things defining aspirations unleashing new forms of desire creating new norms and sometimes perverting them have been profound In a way Modi was the first politician to truly grasp how profoundly we are created through this communicative medium He defied conventional political wisdom with his belief that a national-level communicative strategy could make India more presidential But the increasing power of mediatised communication at the expense of traditional mobilisation has three features First it is ephemeral As the last movement to deploy this the anti-corruption movement found out if media makes you it can also destroy you Second social movements relied on exemplars; media relies on celebrities Third this media is not made for dialogue It is made for advertising It does not involve reciprocity between citizens It involves making them available for a message So if you want to dominate this medium you will have to do three things: first find a way of constantly being in the news; second deploy celebrity power; and third have a script that can be picked up Nitin Pai used a nice phrase saying “narrative dominance” was going to be the name of the game from now on Modi has a profound sense that his authority comes unmediated from the people so he has a political incentive to reach out directly to people But he seems to have intuited something few social scientists and politicians have come to terms with: the central element of a theory of social change is to communicate all the time So this regime will be in a communication overdrive in almost every dimension perhaps tiresomely so But there is no other game in town The fact that the media can be pliant helps But Modi has also shrewdly grasped that if he goes to the media on the terrain of cleaning up India making in India open defecation-free India it will be an offer they will find hard to refuse Let us not forget it took the classic combination of celebrity media and script for Aamir Khan to make uncomfortable topics central to the national conversation Social change will now have to come through page three writ large Needless to say a bully pulpit is not a substitute for governance The government has been quite indecisive on reforms slow in appointments and in creating processes that can sustainably execute We also hope that the bully pulpit will be used only for savoury causes Modi may have a vested interest in the personification of power But there is also a deeper story behind the idea that political and social change requires a communication overdrive What society could not do we now look to advertising to do The writer is president Centre for Policy Research Delhi and a contributing editor for ‘The Indian Express’ [email protected] For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related News

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