“Prachar Rath” to promote organic and natural farming in Rajasthan

first_imgA “Prachar Rath”, flagged off by Agriculture Minister Lal Chand Kataria on Wednesday, will promote organic and zero budget natural farming (ZBNF) among the farmers in Rajasthan to reduce agricultural input costs, encourage the use of bio-fertilisers, replace pesticides with traditional material and give tips for preparation of indigenous seeds.Flagging off the chariot at a public hearing event here, Mr. Kataria said the progressive farmers would be associated in large numbers with the drive which would continue till November 9. “Groups of farmers will visit the villages to generate awareness about the methods to increase agricultural production with innovative methods,” he said.Noted agriculturist Subhash Palekar, who has pushed for adoption of ZBNF, will train the farmers at a six-day-long camp beginning on September 24 at Sewar in Bharatpur district. This will be the first-ever training camp devoted to natural farming organised in the State.Mr. Kataria said the excessive use of chemicals was damaging the land’s fertility and adversely affecting people’s health. “The Prachar Rath’s dialogue with the farmers will apprise them of the benefits of using organic manure, vermicompost, crop residues and organic waste, while the weed, disease and pest control can be achieved through bio-materials and crop rotation.”The Union government’s Economic Survey of 2018-19 had advocated ZBNF as a “lucrative livelihood option” for small farmers. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman had mentioned the method in her Budget speech as one of the innovative models through which the farmers’ income could be doubled by 2022.About 2,000 farmers have got themselves registered for the Sewar camp, where the research on forest vegetation as well as the techniques for natural growth of trees, based on Mr. Palekar’s “zero budget approach” to chemical-free farming involving manures and agro-ecology, will be highlighted.Sita Ram Gupta, executive director of Bharatpur-based Lupin Foundation, which is organising the camp, said that the exhibitions on beekeeping, manufacturing of ‘tulsi mala’ and fashion designing would be held during the event. Students of agricultural and veterinary colleges and researchers are also expected to participate in the camp.last_img read more

Punjab CM urges Amit Shah to tackle cross-border drones

first_imgTwo days after the Punjab police seized a huge cache of arms, including five AK-47 rifles, pistols hand grenades and satellite phones, and investigation revealed that the weapons were suspected to have been delivered from across the border from Pakistan over drones, Chief Minister Amarinder Singh on Tuesday said the incident was a new and serious dimension to Pakistan’s sinister designs in the aftermath of the abrogation of Article 370.The Chief Minister urged the Union Home Minister to tackle the problem at the earliest.Tagging Union Home Minister Amit Shah in a tweet from his official handle, Capt. Amarinder wrote, “’Recent incidents of Pakistan-origin drones dropping consignments of arms & ammunition is a new and serious dimension on Pakistan’s sinister designs in aftermath of the abrogation of Article 370. Request @AmitShah ji to ensure that this drone problem is handled at the earliest.”On September 22, the police busted a terrorist module of the revived Khalistan Zindabad Force (KZF), backed by a Pakistan and Germany based terror group, made the arms seizure and arrested four suspects from the outskirts of Chola Sahib village in Tarn Taran district.State Director General of Police Dinkar Gupta had pointed out that initial investigation revealed that the weapons were suspected to have been delivered recently across the border from Pakistan over drones launched by Pakistan’s ISI and the State-sponsored Jihadi and pro-Khalistani terrorist outfits working under its command. “The large-scale infiltration appeared to have been aimed at scaling terrorism and militancy in Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab and the Indian hinterland, in the wake of the recent developments in the Valley,” he had said.last_img read more

NOT A HURRICANE WINDY RAINY WEATHER

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppFORECAST FOR SUNDAY:WEATHER: PARTLY SUNNY WITH FEW SHOWERS ACROSS THE NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL BAHAMAS. PARTLY CLOUDY AND BREEZY WITH FEW SCATTERED SHOWERS AND ISOLATED THUNDERSTORMS IN THE SOUTHEAST BAHAMASWINDS: EAST TO SOUTHEAST AT 10 TO 15 KNOTS IN THE NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL BAHAMAS AND EASTERLY AT 15 TO 20 KNOTS OVER OPEN WATERS IN THE SOUTHEAST BAHAMAS & TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDSSEAS: 2 TO 4 FEET IN THE NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL BAHAMAS AND 4 TO 7 FEET IN THE SOUTHEAST BAHAMAS & TCIFORECAST FOR MONDAYWEATHER: PARTLY CLOUDY WITH FEW SHOWERS AND ISOLATED THUNDERSTORMS IN THE NORTHWEST BAHAMAS…PARTLY SUNNY AND BREEZY WITH FEW ISOLATED SHOWERS IN THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHEAST BAHAMASWINDS: EAST TO SOUTHEAST AT 10 TO 15 KNOTS IN THE NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL BAHAMAS AND EASTERLY AT 15 TO 20 KNOTS OVER OPEN WATERS IN THE SOUTHEAST BAHAMAS & TCISEAS: 2 TO 4 FEET IN THE NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL BAHAMAS AND 4 TO 7 FEET IN THE SOUTHEAST BAHAMAS & TCITROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK: A TROPICAL WAVE ENTERING THE WESTERN CARIBBEAN IS BEING MONITORED FOR POSSIBLE DEVELOPMENT OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS. Related Items:Tci weather, Turks caicos weather Recommended for you Marine Forecast 18th August 2015 Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Sizzling weekend for Provo Bahamas Marine Forecast – 10th August 2015last_img read more

Opening Of Popeyes Represents Confidence In Economy – Robinson

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppKINGSTON, Feb. 16 (JIS): State Minister in the Science, Technology, Energy and Mining Ministry, Hon. Julian Robinson, says the opening of the latest branch in the Popeyes restaurant franchise represents confidence in the growing economy. “Any new business in this economic environment is important. Popeyes employs about 20 persons and that is 20 new jobs in an economy, which is critical to (its) overall growth and development,” the State Minister said. Mr. Robinson was speaking at the restaurant’s official opening at the Cross Roads Shopping Centre, in Kingston, on February 16. The State Minister, who is also Member of Parliament for St. Andrew South Eastern, the area in which the restaurant is located, hailed the effort of its staff in incorporating locally sourced ingredients in meals. This, he said, is critical as it further enables growth and development of the local economy. Mr. Robinson wished the business continued success and longevity. Meanwhile, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Restaurant Associates Limited, Richard Lake, said three more Popeyes are scheduled to be opened across the island by the end of the year. Restaurant Associates are the owners of both Burger King and Popeyes. Mr. Lake also told those in attendance that the business was opened on time and within budget. Following the opening, the State Minister, the CEO and other stakeholders toured the facility. Related Items:Hon. Julian Robinson, popeye restaURANT, Richard Lake Recommended for you Government Continues To Create Environment For Technology And Innovationlast_img read more

Three now on the run after Grand Turk prison break

first_img#magneticmedianews Related Items:#grandturkprisonbreak, #magneticmedianews Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppcenter_img Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, TCI, December 2, 2016 – Police say three men broke out of the Grand Turk prison but there is no word yet on how they managed to do it.One man is a Grand Turk native and was on remand for burglary. Nothing is known of his accomplices as yet.Officer Kevin Clarke quashed rumors that 21 inmates are running free.  Police just released these names:Names of escaped Prisoners: Stavon Harris, Randal Rigby and Henrico Morris.The men who escaped Her Majesty’s Prison in Grand Turk are both convicted and remanded inmates.Stavon Harris (white shirt) was convicted for causing a major fire in Five Cays in January where around two dozen homes were gobbled up in the blaze.Harris was charged with setting fire to his brother’s place and it spread to other residences.Randal Rigby is pictured bareback and on remand.Henrico Morris, with the ‘afro’ is held for burglary.Call Police to report any sight of these men.last_img read more

Journalist Launching Russian Investor Mag

first_imgRussian & Eurasia Investor will be distributed internationally, with the majority going to Moscow, London and New York. Martin is hopeful the magazine will be as much of a success in the U.S. as he expects it to be in Russia. “We launched a preview issue in the U.S. that was well received by the focus group. The market here is a little smaller, but I think the magazine will find its readers. Russia is increasingly internationalizing, and it’s the perfect time for a magazine like Russia & Eurasia Investor.” Hoping to tap into the English language Russian investor market, J. Quinn Martin is launching Russia & Eurasia Investor magazine. The bimonthly title is set to launch February 1 with an initial print run of 25,000.”There are comparable magazines in other emerging markets, but there’s nothing like Russia & Eurasia Investor in Russia,” explains Quinn, a journalist who until recently had been working in Russia for a number of years. “Sure, there are other business magazines in Russia, but no solid English language magazine. That’s where we fit in.”The New York-based magazine will feature special reports and analysis on emerging markets like Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan and on industries such as banking, mining and energy. With what Martin calls an “editorial hub” in Moscow, the magazine will have an obvious emphasis on Russia and the former Soviet states but will cover markets around the world.”Russia and Eurasia is now a $1.4 trillion economy and Russian companies raised more than $32 billion in IPOs last year,” Martin says. “Western capital is pouring into the region.”last_img read more

Implementing a Mobile Strategy as an Independent Publisher

first_imgIn addition, Flash-based advertising will not display correctly on iPhones and iPads and certain javascript functionality can be compromised. Video is another important consideration, as the video itself must be coded to be mobile friendly or potentially your video will not playback properly on certain mobile devices. Many third party providers that deliver video will have smart delivery to ensure that if the agent is mobile, both size and codec, are delivered versus video delivered to a PC.On some site platforms such as WordPress and others, there are plug-ins that can be installed and configured to add custom CSS styling to site content and strip out most everything except for main post entries and simplify the navigation menus for easier mobile browsing. The plug-ins detect the agent and automatically display the mobile style and framework. This makes mobilizing a site a very simple process. For other platforms, more custom CSS and coding strategies may be needed to do a clean mobile conversion. The Design World site was built custom on .NET / C# and in our case presented substantially more work to do a clean mobile version in parallel to the main site development. In this case, we built a stand-alone site (m.designworldonline.com) for mobile content. This also provided more control in cross linking other site content and custom advertising options. On special campaigns or product launches, a mobile microsite is very effective since it is built basically from the ground up to be optimized for mobile devices. The challenge with mobile re-direction is that with devices such as the iPad, directing to a mobile version of your site might be sub optimal, as the real estate and function of a tablet is a much different experience. Fortunately the agent varies slightly on tablet devices and code on a site can direct a tablet browser back to the main site, or even another custom coded site specifically for tablets.App Versus Site?There are multiple versions of your Web site to accommodate mobile users and smartphone applications bring up even more considerations. With Design World Magazine and network of over 25 Web sites, we decided an app would be an excellent way to aggregate select content from across many sources. In early 2010 we surveyed our audience and BlackBerry devices came back at the top of use list, so the decision was made to start there first. We then contracted with a developer that ended in a compete failure based in large part on the complexity in app creation for RIM devices. The proliferation of different RIM devices and different programming requirements for the devices convoluted our efforts. In addition, the developer indicated they could program for Apple iOS and the Android platform, so there was some level of distraction.From our first setback, we took a quick look at the market and decided to hit the iPad / iPhone first. When we started we did not anticipate how high the iPad consumption would be, but then no one did. We also decided to do a + App, meaning it would run native for both iPad and iPhone. In the end, our early mistake proved to be a good decision and enabled us to make the right bet with the iPad app development project. With the Design World + App we decided on a third party (Mutual Mobile) team as we lacked the appropriate coding experience internally and Apple has a fair amount of requirements on optimizing applications for audio and video streaming over cellular networks, functionality. Internally we have enough software development expertise to manage the process, but this too can be challenging in writing the specification and keeping features locked in a schedule. Otherwise, feature creep will kill deadlines and budget.While managing our iPad app, we also decided to build our own app for our community site, EngineeringExchange.com. The platform for this site uses a public API (application programming interface), so data can be passed to and from the site via the API. In conjunction with another SaaS site, we were able to spin up a lightweight App for the iPhone using the EngineeringExchange API along with feeds to form the site around blog posts, forums and video. We were able to give members the ability to log into their accounts, update their status and blog post from their iPhones. It took three submissions to the App store to get approved, thereby validating our decision to use an experienced third party on the iPad App. However, we were able to mitigate a rather large expense while continually build a better user experience and capture some intellectual capital. To contrast, the Engineering Exchange App took a total of two months, a fair amount of fixed overhead and a minimum monthly fee to launch and maintain. This also based on having the API and many RSS feeds ready to roll into the app to use as the conduit for data transfer. The Design World + App took over seven months to develop, lots of project management time and so far over $25,000. What’s Next For now, we are on the sidelines with Microsoft. Android is an important player, but code developed for the iPad is not very portable to Android ‘Honeycomb’ apps. The notion of HTML5 may alleviate some issues, but its hard to see convergence anytime soon. HTML5 promises the idea of “develop once, distribute to many” and HTML5 has very media rich features to produce app-like native performance from a Web-based protocol. Apps, however, are firmly entrenched and offer performance advantages, offline advantages and act as a kind of ‘pay-wall’ (for paid apps) that a lot of publishers are seeking.Including a clean, mobile-friendly version of your Web site and smart re-direction based on agent is the overall foundation of any mobile strategy. Looking at applications across various platforms if they fit your business model is essential as the technology is moving fast on this front. Finally, if print is still part of your mix, utilizing QR codes can bridge print to online in an efficient way. Marshall Matheson is SVP of online media at WTWH Media. Mobile advertising in the United States by several estimates will reach a total of $5 billion in 2015. While a large share goes to b-to-c publishers, the trend represents opportunity for b-to-b publishers as well. With all the potential (and potential for confusion) here are a few tips on implementing a mobile strategy, especially if your just now evaluating your mobile plan. Mobilizing your Web SitesOne of the first areas to address with your mobile strategy is with your current Web site. Depending on your site platform(s) and content, this process is relatively simple. As a visitor arrives on your site, you can install code that reads the agent of the visitor. The agent is basically which Web browser, spider or otherwise is hitting the site. If the agent is a Web browser associated with a mobile device, a re-direct to mobile content can be implemented. While the Web browsers on smart phones continue to get better, the real estate presents the limiting factor. So while on the iPhone a standard Web site may look good, browsing, clicking and zooming can present challenges. last_img read more

After Sky and Punch Taverns what major companies could be the next

first_imgIBTimes VideoRelated VideosMore videos Play VideoPlayMute0:00/0:00Loaded: 0%0:00Progress: 0%Stream TypeLIVE0:00?Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedSubtitlessubtitles settings, opens subtitles settings dialogsubtitles off, selectedAudio TrackFullscreenThis is a modal window.The media could not be loaded, either because the server or network failed or because the format is not supported.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window. COPY LINKAD Loading … Close Sky stock prices have jumped 30% since Rupert Murdochs News Corp bid £11.2billion for the remainder of the company.center_img After Sky and Punch Taverns, what major companies could be the next takeover targets?last_img read more

Tamil Nadu Islamist terror group Ansarulla busted NIA arrests two

first_imgThe NIA, on Saturday, raided multiple locations in Tamil Nadu on a tip-off that some people were conspiring to wage a war against India.IANSAfter busting terror gang Ansarulla in Tamil Nadu, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) has arrested two people for their alleged links to the group that seeks to establish Islamic rule in India.Hassan Ali, 28, and Harish Mohamed 32, were arrested after the NIA raided their residences in Tamil Nadu’s Nagapattinam on Saturday, following inputs about their links with the terrorist group.The NIA had on July 9 filed a case against Ansarulla under various sections of the Indian Penal Code and the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act after it learnt that members of the group had collected funds and made preparations to carry out terrorist attacks in India.On Saturday, it raided multiple locations in Tamil Nadu on a tip-off that some people were conspiring to wage a war against India.Other than the residences of Ali and Mohamed, the NIA also searched the homes and offices of others, including one Syed Bukhari in Chennai.Nine mobiles, 15 SIM cards, seven memory cards, three laptops, five hard discs, six pen drives, two tablets, three CDs/ DVDs as well as a large number of documents, including magazines, banners, notices, posters and books were seized in these searches.”Based on incriminating facts revealed during the searches in Nagapattinam as well as Chennai in Tamil Nadu, and subsequent investigation accused Hassan Ali and Harish Mohamed were arrested on Saturday,” said an NIA official.”They will be produced before a special NIA court in Chennai this afternoon. Bukhari is still being examined,” he added.last_img read more

UN says 582000 Rohingyas have now crossed into Bangladesh

first_imgRohingyas from Myanmar cross the border to stream towards Ukhia in Bangladesh. 16 October, Anjuman Para, Palongkhali, Ukhia. Photo: Saiful IslamSome 582,000 Rohingya refugees have now fled Myanmar for Bangladesh since late August, the United Nations said Tuesday, warning that thousands more were still stranded at the border.The UN said between 10,000 and 15,000 new refugees have arrived at the border in the last 48 hours alone, fleeing violence in Myanmar, where Rohingya villages are being burned to the ground.It expressed deep concern about newly arrived refugees including children and elderly people dehydrated and hungry from the long journey who are stranded near the border.One Bangladesh Border Guard (BGB) official told AFP on condition of anonymity that the new arrivals were being held in an area of no man’s land, although it was not immediately clear why.Spokesman Andrej Mahecic said the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) was advocating with the Bangladesh authorities “to urgently admit these refugees fleeing violence and increasingly difficult conditions back home”.He said UNHCR staff had spoken with people who described walking for a week to reach the Bangladesh border.Most are still squatting in paddy fields in Bangladesh, and were waiting for permission to move away from the border, he said.”Every minute counts given the fragile condition they’re arriving in,” said Mahecic.Mahecic said many had chosen to remain in their homes in Myanmar’s Rakhine state despite repeated threats to leave or be killed.”They finally fled when their villages were set on fire,” he said.Many of the new arrivals were from Rakhine’s Buthidaung district, which lies relatively far from the border with Bangladesh.”The military killed my brother. We walked all the way to this land to save our lives,” said Mohammad Shoeb, who arrived at the border with his family on Monday evening.The UN said a jump of 45,000 in its estimated number of newly arrived refugees to 582,000 was due partly to improved access to some areas where many had previously gone uncounted.That figure does not include the thousands currently in no man’s land.The Rohingya are fleeing violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, where the UN has accused troops of waging an ethnic cleansing campaign against them.The numbers have soared since August 25, when militant attacks on Myanmar’s security forces in Rakhine sparked a major military backlash.Hundreds more have drowned making the perilous journey. On Monday authorities said they had found the bodies of 10 Rohingya whose boat sank in the estuary of the Naf river that divides the two countries.The UNHCR said it was working with the Bangladesh government to complete a new transit centre in Kutupalong, the largest of the refugee camps housing the Rohingya.Bangladesh has announced plans to build a refugee camp that could accommodate around 800,000 Rohingya in Kutupalong.The camp would be the largest in the world and has raised concerns about the risks of heavily concentrating such a large number of vulnerable people, such as the spread of disease.last_img read more

Bangladeshi survivor recalls Tunisia boat capsize

first_imgA survivor of a boat carrying migrants that sunk in the Mediterranean during the night of 9 and 10 May rests at a shelter in the Tunisian coastal city of Zarzis on 11 May, 2019. Photo: AFPA Bangladeshi farmer watched dozens drown beside him in the Mediterranean before “God sent us the fishermen”, who saved him from the cold waters and took him to Tunisia.Ahmed Bilal was one of 16 survivors of the shipwreck, in which an estimated 60 people died on Friday while trying to reach Italy.”I can’t stop myself crying,” said Bilal, who lost two younger relatives in the accident, from a Red Crescent emergency centre in the southern Tunisian coastal town of Zarzis.The 30-year-old said he began his journey to Europe six months ago, flying with three others to Dubai and onwards to Istanbul in Turkey.From there they took another flight to the Libyan capital Tripoli, Bilal said, where they joined around 80 other Bangladeshis and were held in a room in western Libya for three months.”I already thought I would die in Libya,” he said. “We had food only once a day, sometimes less. There was one toilet for 80 people. We could not wash — only our teeth — and we were crying, begging for food.”Medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) estimates 6,000 migrants in Libya are being detained “in conditions that generally fall well below international standards”. Survivors of a boat carrying migrants that sunk in the Mediterranean during the night of 9 and 10 May, gather at a shelter in the Tunisian coastal city of Zarzis on 11 May, 2019. Photo: AFPThe situation has worsened since eastern commander Khalifa Haftar launched an offensive to take Tripoli last month, with more than 450 people killed due to fighting linked to that military campaign, according to the World Health Organization.- ‘I have nothing now’ -Bilal had no idea what he would face when he embarked on the journey from Bangladesh’s Sylhet region, where he had seen villagers with relatives in Europe live a better life.After his family sold their land, the father of two paid a Bangladeshi smuggler nicknamed “Good Luck” around $7,000 (6,230 euros) to arrange the trip.”He said we would have a better life and we believed him. I am sure most of the people he sends die on the way”, said Bilal.He and the other migrants left northwestern Libya on a large boat, before being transferred to a smaller one.Manzour Mohammed Metwella, an Egyptian who was on board, said the boat “started to sink almost immediately.””We swam all night,” said the 21-year-old.Survivors said all the passengers were men, with 51 from Bangladesh, three Egyptians, several Moroccans, Chadians and other Africans.After seeing people drown in front of his eyes, Bilal said he “was losing hope myself, but God sent us the fishermen who saved us.”The fishermen were able to rescue 14 Bangladeshis, one Moroccan, and the Egyptian Metwella.”If the Tunisian fishermen hadn’t seen them, there wouldn’t have been any survivors and we would have never known about this” boat sinking, said Mongi Slim from the Red Crescent.The survivors now have 60 days to decide whether to return home, seek asylum through the United Nations refugee agency, or try their luck in Tunisia.But there is no asylum law in Tunisia and residents are already facing high unemployment and overstretched public services.”We lost so much, I have nothing now,” said Bilal, admitting he still wants to reach Europe to earn money.”But I don’t want to go on the sea like this again, I am done with this risk.”Humanitarian organisations have faced hostility from governments for running rescue missions in the Mediterranean.last_img read more

Multinational effort underway to build synthetic yeast using artificial chromosomes

first_img ‘Synthetic’ chromosome permits repid, on-demand ‘evolution’ of yeast (Phys.org) —A multinational effort to replicate the genome of brewer’s yeast has been launched. Led by Professor Jef Boeke of John Hopkins University in Baltimore, and with teams in China, India, Great Britain and other countries, the goal of the effort is to build artificial chromosomes to replace the 16 normally found in yeast cells. If successful, the effort will mark the first time the entire genome of an organism with a nucleus has been artificially replicated. © 2013 Phys.org Sacharomyces cerevisiae cells in DIC microscopy. Credit: Wikipedia. Citation: Multinational effort underway to build synthetic yeast using artificial chromosomes (2013, July 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-07-multinational-effort-underway-synthetic-yeast.htmlcenter_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Besides the possibility of providing new insights into how chromosomes work, the project hopes to also serve as a means of learning how to program an organism by altering its genetic functions. Yeast with artificial chromosomes, for example, could be programmed to serve as an engine to manufacture antibiotics, vaccines, biofuels, etc., instead of alcohol.A team of scientists successfully replaced the DNA of a bacteria cell back in 2010, but it had no nucleus, meaning it was a much simpler organism. Replicating all of the chromosomes in a yeast cell will require far more effort. For that reason, the work has been split between teams working at various facilities around the world. Each team will design one chromosome on a computer, which will then be sent to a central facility for its actual creation. Once all of the teams have built their chromosomes, a single yeast cell will be stripped of its natural chromosomes to be replaced by their artificial counterparts—giving it an entirely artificial genome. The project is expected to be expensive—the British team alone has received £1m from the U.K government to fulfill its part in the project which is expected to be completed by 2017.The yeast cell was picked for the project because it is a relatively simple organism—it’s one celled and has only 6000 genes. One the other hand, it’s sufficiently complex to further the science of bioengineering. Another plus is that yeast, because of its ability to convert sugars to alcohol, is seen as a becoming a more useful organism if its DNA could be controlled directly by creating new chromosomes in the lab and replacing the ones that nature gave it.last_img read more