An Air Canada plane flown by overtired pilots nearly lands on a taxiway in San Francisco in 2017. The rules are strict. The Air Canada Flight Operations Manual, for instance, says a pilot who wants to rest must notify the co-pilot and a flight attendant. The pilot can sleep for no more than 40 minutes, and must wake up at least half an hour before the descent for landing. They get the first 15 minutes after the nap to fully awaken, during which they can’t resume actually flying the plane, unless they need to help deal with an emergency.Consumers’ opinionsAs consumer opinion experts, we have conducted a series of studies to see what members of the public think about letting pilots use this CRIP procedure to nap in the cockpit. In general, people are less willing to fly when they know a pilot might be allowed to sleep at the controls, and women are less willing than men. In our research, we find that this is mostly attributed to fear, because they don’t understand the benefits of pilot naps. Some of our earlier work has shown that when consumers understand the value of a new procedure, they’ll feel better about it. It seems likely that explaining to people how better-rested pilots makes a flight safer could help more people feel comfortable flying in a plane where the CRIP procedure is allowed.What do pilots think?In a follow-up study, we asked pilots what they thought about being allowed to rest in the cockpit during flight—and they were much more enthusiastic than nonpilots. Seventy percent of pilots favored allowing CRIP. On average, all participants who completed the survey felt that naps of 45 minutes should be approved, which was closely related to the 40 minutes suggested by scientific evidence. They also recognized the need for the pilot to be awake at least 30 minutes before beginning the descent to landing. Overall, the participants thought there were very few potential problems with CRIP and said it would be useful.However, some pilots did express worry about unintended consequences of CRIP implementation. The airlines, knowing that pilots could take naps during the flight, might be tempted to impose more rigorous flight schedules that would eliminate any benefits derived from CRIP. Lastly, participants commented on how this procedure is already being used by international carriers such as Air Canada and Qantas with success. So far, those companies’ crews have not registered widespread complaints about abuse of scheduling practices, and none of the survey respondents who fly for those airlines complained about this potential problem.Will the US allow it?It is hard to say whether the FAA would ever move to let U.S. pilots nap in the cockpit. The scientific research provides empirical evidence as to its advantages, and while consumers are somewhat hesitant, pilots seem very supportive of it.What is clear is that fatigue in the cockpit remains a threat to the aviation industry worldwide. Given the scientific evidence supporting CRIP to counter fatigue, clearly there is value in considering how it could improve aviation safety. Perhaps it’s time to listen to the pilots we trust to fly these airplanes and let them rest when they need to—within reason, and so they can fly more safely. Explore further Resting in the cockpitIt’s widely known that a short nap can improve a pilot’s alertness. Some planes, such as those commonly used on long international flights, have beds their pilots and other crew can use, but smaller planes don’t have the space. Only flights that are longer than eight hours require an additional pilot to be on board so one pilot at a time can rotate out for rest. On shorter flights, U.S. regulations expect both pilots to remain alert for the entire length of the flight, without any chance for rest during the flight.Some countries, including Canada and Australia, allow for pilots to nap in the cockpit. In an example from China, a pilot was caught napping and faced disciplinary action for napping in the cockpit. The official procedure to allow for pilots to nap in the cockpit is called “controlled rest in position.” CRIP has established policies and procedures to allow pilots to rest. Provided by The Conversation Airline pilots are often exhausted. An extreme example happened in 2008, when a pilot and a co-pilot both fell asleep at the controls, missing their landing in Hawaii—earning pilot’s license suspensions as well as getting fired. More recently, overtired pilots came very close to landing on top of another airplane at San Francisco International Airport in 2017. It’s not uncommon for a pilot for a major commercial airline to, for instance, start work in Florida at 5 p.m., with her first flight departing an hour later for a five-hour trip across the country, arriving in California just after 8 p.m. local time. Then she might get a short break and fly a 90-minute short-hop flight to to another California city. When she lands from this second flight, she has spent six and a half hours of the last nine in the cockpit. She is also three time zones from where she started work, and her body thinks it’s 2 a.m. There’s no doubt she’s tired—and she’s lucky not to have encountered any schedule adjustments for aircraft maintenance or weather delays.The airline industry and the government agency that regulates it, the Federal Aviation Administration, have taken steps to reduce pilot fatigue, but many pilots and others remain worried that two pilots are required to remain awake and alert for the entire flight, though one or both may be dealing with symptoms of fatigue. One possible suggestion is letting pilots take brief naps in the cockpit. As researchers of consumer opinions about the airline industry, we’ve found that the American public is wary of this idea, but may feel better about it once they’ve heard an explanation of how it actually makes their flights safer.Limiting pilots’ work timePilot fatigue can be difficult to predict or diagnose—especially since tired pilots usually manage to take off, fly and land safely. Even when something goes wrong, accident investigators may have little evidence of fatigue, except perhaps the sound of someone yawning on cockpit audio recordings.In 2014, the FAA imposed the first new pilot-rest rules in 60 years, limiting overall on-duty time and flight hours per day depending on when a pilot’s shift starts. The rules also established a process by which pilots can report fatigue without being disciplined by their airlines or the government. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Pilots have reported issues in US with new Boeing jet Citation: Pilots sleeping in the cockpit could improve airline safety (2019, June 4) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-cockpit-airline-safety.html Airline pilots are often exhausted. Credit: christinarosepix/Shutterstock.com This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.
The police have arrested the Mumbai-based promoters of Topworth Steels and Power — Abhay and Surendra Lodha — for dishonouring a cheque worth ₹10 crore issued to its creditors.Abhay and Surendra were later released on bail after submitting an affidavit to honour the commitment.Earlier, the Mumbai Metropolitan Magistrate Court had also issued arrest warrants against the Topworth Group of Companies and its directors for dishonouring a number of cheques, totalling ₹47 crore.If convicted, a lawyer said the directors face up to two years imprisonment, and will be liable to pay compensation of twice the dishonoured cheque amount to creditors. The Topworth Group and its directors are already being probed by the CBI for using fraudulent letters of credit to dupe banks of ₹137 crore.The complaint with the CBI was filed by the State Bank of India, Bank of Baroda and UCO Bank. Following this, the CBI in July conducted searches across 17 locations including Mumbai, Raigarh and Amravati were the company had offices.Lenders led by the three banks have also filed cases in the Mumbai debt recovery tribunal –– either individually or as a consortium with other private lenders –– against the Topworth Group of Companies and its subsidiaries (Topworth Steels & Power, Topworth Urja & Metals and Topworth Pipes & Tubes) for a cumulative default of about ₹3,200 crore.Besides the group’s assets, banks have also attached flats owned by the Lodha family in Pune, Mumbai, and Nagpur and land in Jalgaon, Delhi and Chattisgarh, sources said. Published on December 12, 2018 COMMENTS COMMENT A Mumbai court also issued arrest warrants against the Topworth Group of Companies and its directors for dishonouring a number of cheques. SHARE SHARE EMAIL SHARE
Press Trust of India SrinagarJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 17:54 IST Omar Abdullah said Parliament complex was one of the cleanest places in the country.National Conference leader Omar Abdullah on Saturday mocked the cleanliness drive at the Parliament complex, saying it was one of the cleanest places in the country.The former Jammu and Kashmir chief minister was responding to a Swachh Bharat programme held inside the Parliament complex in which several BJP MPs, including actor-turned-politician Hema Malini, could be seen wielding a broom.”But the Parliament complex is one of the cleanest places in the country, especially when the sessions are on, so what were they sweeping?” Abdullah, a three-time member of the Lok Sabha, tweeted.A short video of the Bollywood actor cleaning a road inside the complex came in for severe criticism on social media as the broom of the Mathura MP was not even touching the ground as she swept.”Ma’am please practice how to wield the (broom) in private before your next photo op,” Abdullah tweeted. “This technique you’ve employed won’t contribute much to improving cleanliness in Mathura (or anywhere else for that matter).”Pre-empting any criticism, the NC vice-president said: “I knew sweeping the dormitories in Sanawar (Himachal Pradesh) would be useful for something. I’m now qualified to comment on the (sweeping) technique of others.”ALSO READ | Video of Hema Malini sweeping goes viral. After cleaning water, she is cleaning air, says InternetALSO WATCH | PM Modi failed on every front: Omar AbdullahFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted bySnigdha Choudhury Next Practice holding broom in private before next photo op: Omar Abdullah to Hema MaliniFormer Jammu and Kashmir CM Omar Abdullah was responding to a Swachh Bharat programme held inside the Parliament complex in which several BJP MPs, including actor-turned-politician Hema Malini, could be seen wielding a broom.advertisement
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