Essential Reading! Get my first book: The Only Sale Guide You’ll Ever Need “The USA Today bestseller by the star sales speaker and author of The Sales Blog that reveals how all salespeople can attain huge sales success through strategies backed by extensive research and experience.” Buy Now Producing results is more interesting than selling. The outcomes produced after someone buys are infinitely more interesting—and more fulfilling—than the sale itself. You don’t get accolades from your client for having won their business. You get accolades for producing results.Helping people move their business forward is better than selling, too. The ability to help someone generate a result that improves their business is better than selling. Your clients don’t refer to you as a trusted advisor because you are a salesperson. If they call you that, it’s because you earned it by helping them improve their business. If you earned that title, it is because you cared, a lot, about them.Caring enough to help other people solve problems is always personally rewarding. In sales, it’s also professionally rewarding. One of the best parts of selling is using your resourcefulness to generate breakthrough ideas. One reason to build your resources and business acumen is because you care about the people who are your clients. You see them as more than clients. You see them as people you want to help.Developing yourself personally and professionally is a byproduct of sales. It very well may be the very best part of selling. Selling requires more of you than most things, especially when it comes to being accountable for results. That growth prepares you to be successful in other areas of your life. Undoubtedly, it is one of the best parts of selling.The chase is exciting. The struggle brings out the best in you. And, there is nothing like winning a hard-fought battle (especially a competitive displacement). But the goal of selling is helping your clients produce a better result than they could produce without you. Getting better results for them is what proves that you care. It is what makes you a trusted adviser. That is the best part of selling. It’s why we sell.
Militants struck at around five places in Kashmir valley in four hours, apparently a coordinated strikes, on Tuesday evening, leaving 13 security personnel injured.The first attack was carried out at on 180 Battalion of the CRPF located in Pulwama’s Tral area after the sunset. “The grenade exploded near the camp located at Lariyal. Four jawans were injured,” said a police spokesman. There were also reports of firing in the area.In the second attack, militants lobbed a grenade on 130 Battalion of the CRPF located at Awantipora’s Padgampora area in Pulwama district. There are no reports of any injuries in the attack.Subsequently, militants lobbed grenade at a police station in Pulwama, around 30 km south of Srinagar, and opened fire. Militants also snatched two weapons after attacking the guards of Justice Muzaffar Attar in Achidora, Anantnag. One special police officer was injured in the attack.In north Kashmir, militants hurled a grenade at an army camp which houses 22 Rashtriya Rifles. “There was an exchange of fire too,” said a police official. The casualties could not be ascertained immediately. The attacks took place on 17th on Ramzan, which is observed as Yaum-ul-Badr in remembrance of a war won by prophet Muhammad 1400 years ago.”We had inputs regarding escalation in violence on the occasion. That is why the damage is limited as alerts were issued in advance. There is minimum damage,” Director General of Police S.P. Vaid said. A red alert was sounded across the Valley. The last one week has witnessed more than four grenade attacks in Valley, especially south Kashmir.
Earlier this month, Major League Baseball said it was considering a rule change to require pitchers to face at least three batters per appearance — or finish an inning — as part of a series of initiatives to improve the pace of play. I don’t hate this; I’ve always been a fan of relief pitchers working longer outings. But I think the MLB proposal misses the real problem.The issue isn’t really with relievers who face just one hitter at a time. In fact, LOOGYs — Left-handed One-Out Guys — are already fading in popularity as teams realize that if a pitcher isn’t good enough to face multiple hitters in a row, he may not belong in the bullpen pecking order at all.Instead, the problem concerns teams that use a parade of relievers who enter the game from the sixth inning onward and throw the hell out of the ball, knowing they’ll probably max out at one inning at a time. (The Yankee bullpen is a prime example.) You might call these pitchers OMGs: One-inning Max-effort Guys. They can be incredibly, game-changingly effective, but they aren’t necessarily all that skilled.In fact, the whole problem is that OMGs are a renewable resource, with no real constraints on supply. Teams can take failed starters with two decent pitches and, after some weeding out, turn them into OMGs who will strike out 25 or 30 percent of the batters they face, provided they only have to throw one inning every second or third day. It also yields rosters that are grossly imbalanced relative to the amount of value that these relievers generate. According to FanGraphs, relief pitchers accounted for only about 9 percent of the value (in wins above replacement) that all position players and pitchers created last year. And yet, they occupy about 25 percent of roster slots.And to a larger degree than you probably realize, these OMGs bear responsibility for the ever-increasing rate of strikeouts in baseball — something that was easier to shrug off until MLB attendance started to decline.More relievers means more strikeoutsStrikeouts have been increasing for more or less the entirety of baseball history. Here’s the trajectory from 19081I’m using 1908 as the cutoff because that’s the earliest season for which Baseball-Reference.com has data on the number of pitchers used per game, which we’re comparing the strikeout rate against. up until last year — when, for the first time, more plate appearances ended with strikeouts than with base hits. As starterAs reliever That looks a lot like the previous graph showing the strikeout rate — the correlation is 0.96 — including a dip in both pitchers used and strikeouts at the end of the Deadball Era in the late 1910s and again at the end of the Second Deadball Era in the early 1970s, and then an especially steep acceleration in both strikeouts and pitchers used over the past few years.It’s not just a coincidence that relief pitcher usage and strikeout rate are correlated in this way. When you take a starter and use him in relief — especially in a short stint that typically lasts only an inning or so — his strikeout rate will be usually be higher, and sometimes a lot higher. You can also expect him to throw harder and to use a more dangerous repertoire consisting of more fastballs and sliders.Here’s the tale of the tape. Using data from FanGraphs, I looked at all pitchers who worked both as starters and relievers between 2016 and 2018, providing for a direct, head-to-head comparison of how the pitchers performed in each role. These pitchers’ strikeout rates were about 12 percent higher when they came on in relief than when they started. They also threw about a mile per hour harder in relief.4In my analysis, observations are weighted by the lesser of the number of batters a pitcher faced as a starter or as a reliever. For example, a pitcher who threw to 500 batters as a starter and 200 batters as a reliever would receive a weight of 200. Pitchers who averaged fewer than 15 batters faced per start, i.e. who served as “openers” or tandem starters, are excluded from the analysis. RH set-up60085 Share fastballs54.1%55.1% Games PitchedGames StartedInnings Pitched Strikeout rate18.7%20.6% Observations are weighted by the lesser of the number of batters a pitcher faced as a starter and in relief from 2016 to 2018. For example, a pitcher who threw to 500 batters as a starter and 200 batters as a reliever would receive a weight of 200. Pitchers who averaged fewer than 15 batters faced per start, i.e. who served as “openers” or tandem starters, are excluded from the analysis.Source: Fangraphs Observations are weighted by the lesser of the number of batters a pitcher faced as a starter and in relief from 2016 to 2018. For example, a pitcher who threw to 500 batters as a starter and 200 batters as a reliever would receive a weight of 200. Pitchers who averaged fewer than 15 batters faced per start, i.e. who served as “openers” or tandem starters, are excluded from the analysis.Source: Fangraphs Share sliders13.9%15.0% Five or fewer batters It’s much easier to throw an inning at a timeStatistics for MLB pitchers who worked as both starters and relievers, 2016-18, by how many batters faced per relief appearance No. 2 starter3333210 Long reliever/spot starter403100 Share fastballs53.6%54.0% There are a couple of peaks marking the end of the Deadball Era in the late 1910s and then another pitchers’ era in the mid-to-late 1960s, but overall the trend is very steady. Over this period, the correlation between the year and the strikeout rate is 0.91.One other baseball trend has been equally if not more relentless, however: As time has passed, teams have relied more and more on their bullpens. As a result, both starting pitchers and relievers have seen increasingly shorter stints. Thus, the number of pitchers per team per game has steadily increased, from 1.4 in 1908 to around 4.4 now.The correlation is stronger still if you look at the number of pitchers used relative to the number of plate appearances in a typical game.2This accounts for the fact that other things held equal, strikeouts reduce offensive output, and less offense means fewer plate appearances per game, since the team doesn’t get through the order as often. For instance, if you take the number of pitchers used per 38 plate appearances3More precisely, per 38.23 plate appearances. — over the long run, MLB teams average about 38 plate appearances per game — you get this: Share fastballs53.6%56.9% As starterAs reliever Emergency Pitchers10020 Strikeout rate18.4%20.6% Fastball velocity91.6 mph92.2 mph Fastball velocity91.5 mph92.3 mph September call-up starters5525 Share sliders12.6%13.6% Strikeout rate16.7%17.7% Total4671621,450 No. 5 starter3022150 RoleGames PitchedGames StartedInnings Pitched What a 10-man pitching staff might look like Fastball velocity91.7 mph93.6 mph Share sliders17.7%19.4% Fastball velocity91.6 mph92.5 mph Those are meaningful gains, but the really big differences come when you use pitchers in short stints that are roughly one inning long. In the next table, I’ve assigned the pitchers who worked both as starters and relievers into three groups: first, those who averaged five or fewer batters faced per relief appearance (these are guys who usually threw just one inning at a time — the OMGs); second, those who averaged more than five but fewer than eight batters faced (a mix of one-inning and multi-inning appearances); and third, those who averaged eight or more batters faced (mostly multi-inning appearances). Position players could still pitch, but they wouldn’t be allowed to pitch to a greater number of batters than the number of plate appearances they’d recorded so far on the season as hitters. A backup catcher with 100 plate appearances could face up to 100 batters as a pitcher, for instance (which works out to roughly 20 or 25 innings). With this rule, teams could use position players to pitch on an emergency basis basically whenever they wanted, but they couldn’t designate pitchers as position players just to circumvent the 10-pitcher requirement. Brooks Kieschnick types would need to have their innings and plate appearances monitored carefully.8Or teams could designate their Kieschnicks as pitchers; nothing in what I’m proposing would prevent a team’s 10 pitchers from being used at other positions.After the roster expanded to 40 players in September, minor league call-ups who were not on the 10-pitcher list could start games, subject to a requirement that they threw at least 60 pitches or five innings or — a mercy rule — gave up at least five runs. They could not appear in relief, however.Relief pitchers, especially the OMGs, aren’t going to like this, so the restrictions could be phased in over several years. For instance, you could start with a 12-pitcher limit beginning in 2020, then ratchet it down to 11 pitchers in 2022 and 10 pitchers in 2024 as teams adapted to the new requirements.As you can see, the goal here is to be fairly strict: While we want to provide for a bit of flexibility, we mostly want to force teams to stick to the 10 players they designate as pitchers as much as possible. For that matter, we’d probably also want to tighten rules surrounding the injured list and minor-league call-ups, which teams regularly use and abuse to add de facto roster slots — but that’s not a part of this proposal per se.Toward a new equilibriumSo how would teams use their pitching staffs under these rules? That’s anyone’s guess, and part of the fun would be in seeing the different strategies that teams adopted. But my guess is that the average team would do something like this to fill the roughly 1,450 innings that major league teams pitch in each regular season: Share fastballs55.6%55.8% Ace starter3434230 As starterAs reliever As starterAs reliever No. 3 starter3333195 Position players5010 LH set-up70075 Starters supercharge their K rate when working in reliefStatistics for MLB pitchers who worked as both starters and relievers, 2016-18 RoleGames PitchedGames StartedInnings Pitched Closer60080 Between five and eight batters Share sliders13.4%13.9% Strikeout rate19.9%23.9% The first group — the OMGs — got a massive, 20 percent boost to their strikeout rate as relievers. They also gained about 2 mph worth of fastball velocity. And they were able to throw fastballs or sliders — the pitches that seem to be at the core of increasing K rates — 76 percent of the time in relief as compared with 71 percent of the time as starters.Conversely, the third group — the long relievers who routinely worked multi-inning stints — got only a 6 percent gain in their strikeout rates relative to the ones they had as starters, and they added only 0.6 mph to their fastballs.LOOGYs aren’t really the problemThe MLB proposal would effectively kill off the LOOGY, along with its much rarer companion, the ROOGY. So it’s worth asking: If relief pitchers are especially effective when they’re limited to only one inning of work, does it follow that they do even better when limited to just one or two hitters? That is to say, could MLB’s proposal to require that pitchers face at least three batters cause an especially large reduction in strikeout rates?The answer is: not really. If you further break down our sample of pitchers and look at those who threw very short stints in relief,5Those who averaged fewer than four batters faced per relief appearance between 2016 and 2018. they actually had fewer strikeouts than those who averaged around an inning per appearance.6Four or five batters faced. A lot of this is selection bias: Guys who are brought in to face only one or two hitters at a time are usually mediocre pitchers with big platoon splits. Left-handers who became LOOGYs are generally worse as starting pitchers than the rest of the sample; indeed, they’re quite a bit better in relief than in their starting roles. Nonetheless, they’re not all that effective in relief — much less effective than the OMGs — and because they throw so few innings, they don’t affect the bottom line that much in terms of baseball’s strikeout rate. Durable middle reliever55090 Eight or more batters No. 4 starter3232180 This strategy envisions that starting pitchers would throw 6.0 innings per start, up from 5.4 innings per start in 2018 but a bit less than the 6.2 innings per start that pitchers averaged in the 1980s. Relievers would average around 1.6 innings per appearance, meanwhile — considerably up from 2018 (1.1 inning per appearance) and about the same as in the 1980s.Overall, this plan would entail using 2.9 pitchers per team per game, which is close to where baseball was in the late 1980s. But we could balance out the workload more effectively than teams did back then. As you can see in the table, we could get the necessary innings from a 10-man staff without having to ask starters to throw 270 or 280 innings, as ace starters sometimes did in the 1980s, and without having to ask closers to throw 140 innings a year, as sometimes happened too. Starters would have to work through the third time in the order a bit more often, but there would still be plenty of room for discretion on the part of the manager.The most consequential change would be that we’d cut down on the number of OMG innings. There would still be plenty of them, to be sure. But if you went overboard, it would come with a lot of trade-offs. If a team tried to employ five relievers who each worked 70 appearances of one inning each, for instance, its five starters would have to average about 6.5 innings per start, so they’d be working through the third time in the lineup a lot more often.And if you did want to use a pitcher to face only one or two batters, you could still do it, but it would be more costly still — with a 10-man pitching staff, someone else is always going to have to pick up the slack.This would also relieve (pun somewhat intended) the monotony of the OMGs. We wouldn’t be removing any spots from the 25-man roster. (In fact, we’d essentially be adding one for the Emergency Pitcher.) But we’d be requiring at least 15 of them to be used on position players. Pinch runners, pinch hitters, platoon players, defensive replacements and third catchers — all of whom have become endangered species as teams use every marginal roster slot on an OMG — would begin to roam the baseball field freely again.I’m reluctant to estimate the overall amount by which my rule change would reduce strikeouts or improve pace of play. That’s because baseball strategy is a dynamic system, and our goal is to change teams’ overall attitudes toward pitcher usage. Pitching to contact might become more common again, for instance, as starters would need to throw longer outings. Keep in mind that if starters are only expected to work through the order two or two-and-a-half times, tossing perhaps five or six innings, they can also throw at relatively high effort. So we wouldn’t just be reducing strikeouts by exchanging some OMGs for multi-inning relievers; starters would also have to pace themselves more, too.But if relief-pitcher usage has as close a relationship with strikeout rates as I think it does, the net effects could be substantial. This rule would essentially roll relief-pitcher usage back to what it was in the late 1980s or early 1990s and could bring strikeouts back toward what they were back then too, when pitchers struck out about 15 percent of the batters they faced instead of the 22 percent they do now.That’s probably too optimistic; at least some of the increase in strikeout rate undoubtedly has to do with pitchers being bigger and stronger and throwing harder than ever before.9Then again, hitters are probably also better than ever before. But some kind of intervention is needed. The OMG-dominated equilibrium of today may be ruthlessly efficient, but it isn’t making for an aesthetically or strategically rewarding form of baseball. And because LOOGYs are fading in popularity, they don’t necessarily contribute all that much to slowing down the game. Of the roughly 16,000 pitching changes in 2018, only about 5,000 occured in the middle of the inning, according to data provided to FiveThirtyEight by David Smith of Retrosheet. These midinning changes are indeed time-consuming — adding about 3 minutes and 15 seconds worth of game time, Smith estimates. (Pitching changes between innings add only about 15 seconds, by contrast.) But they aren’t all that common.How to bring balance back to bullpensThere’s a better idea than the MLB minimum batters proposal, one that would also speed up the game but that would yield more interesting strategy and — most importantly, from my point of view — cut down on the number of strikeouts, perhaps substantially. The core of my proposal is simple: Each team should be limited to carrying 10 pitchers on its 25-man active roster, plus an Emergency Pitcher.Like it? Hate it? Well, let me give you some of the details first:What’s an Emergency Pitcher? He’s a pitcher who could be signed either on a game-by-game basis — in the way that emergency goalies are used in the NHL — or for any length of time up to a full season. The Emergency Pitcher couldn’t be a member of a team’s 40-man roster, although — just for fun — he could be a member of a team’s coaching staff.7Maybe Bartolo Colon could play into his 60s as an Emergency Pitcher/pitching coach. Emergency Pitchers could enter the game only under certain circumstances:If the starting pitcher left the game because of injury;If one team led by at least 10 runs;If it were the 11th inning or later; orIf it were the second game of a doubleheader.
TEWKSBURY, MA — The Committee to Elect Mark Kratman State Representative is holding a Campaign “Kickoff” Party on Thursday, June 28, 2018, from 6pm to 10pm, at the Tewksbury Country Club’s Andrea’s Room (1880 Main Street).For more information on this fundraiser and other Kratman campaign news, visit Mark Kratman for State Representative on Facebook.Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedSTATE REP RACE: Massachusetts AFL-CIO Endorses Mark KratmanIn “Government”STATE REP RACE: Mark Kratman Holds Successful Campaign Rally, Ready To Fight For Wilmington & Tewksbury At State HouseIn “Government”CAMPAIGN FINANCE: Mark Kratman Raises More Money From Donors Than His 4 Primary Opponents COMBINEDIn “Government”
Vithika Sheru’s argument with Bigg Boss Telugu 3Screenshot of hotstar videoAfter Mahesh Vitta, Vithika Sheru was seen having a heated argument with Punarnavi Bhupalam in Bigg Boss Telugu 3 on Tuesday. But her husband Varun Sandesh took Navi’s side and said that his wife was at fault.As the July 30th episode of Bigg Boss Telugu 3 began, Vithika and Punarnavi were seen having a difference of opinion over giving Sreemukhi a responsibility. Later in the day, Bigg Boss informed that the gas and water supply was cut as a part of the luxury budget task and the housemates have to keep cycling 3 bicycles in the garden area to get continuous supply to the house. Everyone tried their best in the task.In the middle of the task, Punarnavi asked Vithika to take part in the task to which Vithika replied that she prepared 35 to 40 dosas for the inmates and others taking part in the task voluntarily. But Punarnavi’s reply irked Vithika, who yelled at her. To this, Varun took Navi’s side and cross-questioned his wife. Have your say in the pollVote: Who among these 8 contestants should be eliminated from Bigg Boss Telugu 3 in week 2? 1. Vithika Sheru 18.4% 2. Sreemukhi 17.89% 3. Mahesh Vitta 15.59% 4. Jaffar Babu 12.21% 5. Himaja Reddy 10% 6. Varun Sandesh 9.46% 7. Punarnavi Bhupalam 8.78% 8. Rahul Sipligunj 7.67% This lead to an argument between all the three. Vithika burst into tears and walks away when her husband continued to support Punarnavi. Ravi, Rohini and others tried to console her. Finally, Varun tries to convince the issue to Vithika in the restroom. The two sorted out their differences and apologized to each other.When the couple entered the house of Bigg Boss Telugu 3, many viewers feared that they should not have come together on the show. Their decision might lead to creating differences between the two and lead to divorce. After seeing the drama on Tuesday, some of them felt that the couple is slowly heading towards splitting. Here is what they have to say about this whole episode.•✨♡Arshi Stuck♡✨• @YouMeRabbaVe VR @imrvishnu #vithika ♂️ irritated a lot in today episode… didn’t understand whether she suffering with stomach pain or head ache … not sure whether she knows #BiggBossTelugu3 Sreemukhi is wayyyy better than Punarnavi. Punarnavi aa nasa enti thali. Vithika vanta chesindi ga. It is team wrk n if not today, she will do it tomm. Big deal. Eeme ki task artam kaaka andarni nasa pertundi #BiggBossTelugu3 Vitika simple issue ni serious ga teesukuntadi and normal ga cheppedi kuda chala harsh ga convey chestadi. Short temper and loud mouth. #BiggBossTelugu3 I agree with her point. But punarnavi didn’t say it rudely no. She has to take it easy. She could have said the same thing normally without shouting. The way she responds to an issue is not good. She takes everything as an attack on her. #BiggBossTelugu3 Vitika got pissed with punarnavi. Navi got upset. Varun tried to calm them down. Vitika shouted again.. Even though her points are valid.. Varun supported navi because she was ‘shouting’ and he doesn’t want his wife to screw up her relationship with her friend. #BiggBossTelugu3 She is not the only one who cooked Ashu Reddy also helped if u see properly. Unadhi 15 members each 2 dosa Total 30.then she hardly made 15 to 20 dosa and she is saying 35 to 40 ❓❓ they limited luxury budget too BiggBossTeluguFan @BiggBossTelugu2 Why #VithikaSheru keep on checking cameras while she talks??? She is definitely big irritating woman in the house #BiggBoss3Telugu #BiggBossTeluguSeason3 #BiggBossTelugu3 @StarMaa Episode10: #VarunSandesh is an active volcano who doesn’t know when he will explode on his wife. Clearly not showing his anger because of cameras.#biggbosstelugu3 @StarMaa #BiggBossTelugu3 #VithikaSheru BiggBossTelugu3 @TeluguBiggBoss3 #BiggBossTelugu3 Don’t see logic in pple’s voting if U R not vting for vithika for ystday’s over drama then same logic shd be applied on punarnavi as well. She instigated her basing on the fact that she didnt participate in cycle task with out considering her effort in kitchen.. TeluguBiggBoss @RealMeSunny Sandhya @Sandhyaa1996 The writer @ThewriterVS I don’t think so.. Wife tho issues quite common. ayina aa godava ninna ne sorry cheppukoni idaru cool ayyaru. ippudu godava vere la anipistundi. #BiggBossTelugu3 I support vithika in today’s episode.she cooked..punarnvi pointing her was not fair.there is no point if everyone starts fightng to be on cycle..punarnavi is being overconfident n showing her real self.rahul simplignj is in love it seems, blindly supportng her #BiggBossTelugu3 I am sure punarnvi will take all the praises to her head..today we saw her attitude while speaking to vithika and shivjyoti..ppl callng her mature shud w8 n see how she changes..just don’t fall for her looks.outer beauty need not make a persn beautiful frm inside #BiggBossTelugu3 #BiggBoss3Telugu #BiggBossTelugu3 #Telugubiggboss3 Looks like punarnavi wantedly locking horns with Vithika for some reason, nd Vthika is exactly getting trapped in Punarnavi’s scheme of whatever it is. Vthika is definitely getting into bad books for not controlling her emotions Visa Sriram @visasriram Today’s drama provided as per the script by Vithika Sheru, the drama queen of #BiggBossTelugu3. Varun has patience which comes with being with a woman like Vithika, no doubt, but I guess he needs to take a stand for himself in the #BiggBossTelugu3 house, unless it’s a plan (looks like it) by the couple. People know Varun more than Vithika. He needs the win more than her. Sammakka.Saarakka @SSaarakka It’s time for #VithikaSheru to exit the house. 1. She is gossiping 2. Just want to make big scene for small things (last with week #Mahesh and this week with #punarnavi) 3. #Varun would play better without her. This video an example of her drama! #BiggBossTelugu3 biggbosstelugu3 @biggbosstelugu9 Hari Krishna @Krishna19Hari Lalitha @Lalitha12618607 Aruna vedula karra @Arunaved272 I think Vithika is Right Cooking is not an easy thing.it exhausts our body and it requires atleast 15 mins to recover from that stress.what is Navi is doing in house actually.never seen her doing any work. another Sunayana without tanish #BiggBossTelugu3 She’s not mad on Navi. She’s mad on his Hus for supporting navi instead of her.its every wife’s nature around the world. No women on earth like this thing even though it’s her mistake. #BiggBossTelugu3 strategic move by vithika and varun… to gain screen space and image. Last week screen space for Issue with mahesh, this week screen space for remainding the task… by navi… punarnavi most deserved candidate for final..5
Jashore district BNP general secretary Syed Sabbarul Haque Sabu and Jashore city BNP president Maruful IslamTwo local leaders of Bangladesh Nationalist Party in Jashore have been picked up by a team of plainclothes police on Thursday evening, alleged Jashore BNP while police has denied the allegation.They are Jashore district BNP general secretary Syed Sabbarul Haque Sabu and Jashore city BNP president Maruful Islam.One of the witnesses, district Juba Dal president Tamal Ahmed told the media that the incident occurred while the two leaders were distributing food among destitute people in front of the Zila School on Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Road.A team of plainclothes police, in cars and on motorcycles, picked the leaders at around 5:45pm, Tamal added.The general secretary of Jashore city BNP Munir Ahmed Siddiqui said, ‘Saberul Haque and Maruful Islam were on bail. Yet the DB police have arrested them.”Munir Ahmed said, “It is very sad that police has arrested the leaders from such a non-violent program before Eid.”Asked officer-in-charge (OC) Md Moniruzzaman said, “no team of Jashore DB police has picked any BNP leaders.”Jashore Kotwali police station OC Abdul Bashar said he did not know anything about whether or not any BNP leaders were arrested.
15P/Finlay, discovered by William Henry Finlay in 1886, is a short-period comet with an orbital year of 6.5 years and a semi-major axis of nearly 3.5 AU. Its effective radius is estimated to be about 900 meters. The comet’s perihelion passage in December 2014 at one AU from the sun was an excellent opportunity for astronomers to study its activity. When 15P/Finlay experienced an outburst on Dec. 16, 2014, Ishiguro and his team decided to commence a three-month observational campaign of this comet with the aim of deepening the understanding of cometary outbursts. For this purpose, they employed six ground-based telescopes that are part of the Optical and Infrared Synergetic Telescopes for Education and Research (OISTER) inter-university observation network. Their efforts were fruitful and resulted in recording another outburst on January 15, 2015.”We conducted an observation of the comet after the first outburst and subsequently witnessed another outburst on 2015 January 15.6–15.7,” the researchers wrote in the paper.The imagery taken by the team revealed a dramatic change in the comet’s activity, starting with the picture acquired on January 16. The images show that the inner coma brightened on this day and dust ejecta appeared soon; afterward, they were stretched toward the anti-solar direction.The astronomers also found that the appearance of the dust cloud on January 23 is similar to the image taken on December 23, in which the comet was enclosed by a widely expanded envelope. According to the team, this envelope dimmed quickly, leaving behind a near-nuclear dust cloud similar to that from the pre-second outburst.The researchers estimated that during the January 15 outburst, gas consisting mostly of C2 and CN expanded at a speed of about 1,110 km s−1, which is slightly faster than the speeds of other comets at about 1 AU from the sun.”The excess in speed can be explained by the large distance from the nucleus (about 100 million km), where the gas flow velocity continues to increase,” the paper reads.The study also reveals that during the blast, the dust ejecta accelerated up to a speed of 570 km s−1, which is comparable to the ejection speeds of two other outbursts similar comets. “These consistent speeds would have resulted in the similar appearances of these outburst ejecta,” the team noted.The total mass of dust ejecta was calculated to be between 100,000 and one million metric tons.Finally, based on their own observations complemented by previous studies on the nature of cometary outbursts, the scientists concluded that such turbulent events of 15P/Finlay and similar comets occur more than 1.5 times a year and inject dust particles into interplanetary space at a rate of approximately 10 kg s−1 or more. © 2016 Phys.org Citation: Astronomers observe outburst of comet 15P/Finlay (2016, September 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-09-astronomers-outburst-comet-15pfinlay.html (Phys.org)—A Jupiter-family comet, designated 15P/Finlay, has experienced two large-scale outbursts during its perihelion passage at the end of 2014 and the start of 2015. The latter was observed by a team of astronomers, led by Masateru Ishiguro of the Seoul National University in South Korea, offering a rare glimpse into the physical properties of cometary nuclei. The results of these observations are published Sept. 3 on the arXiv pre-print server. Journal information: arXiv Time-series false color images of 15P taken with RC–band (wavelength 0.64 µm) from (a) UT 2014 December 23 to (f) UT 2015 February 18. The FOV of each panel is 11.6′× 8.0′. All images have standard orientation in the sky, that is, north is up and east is to the left. The anti-solar vectors (r−⊙) and the negative heliocentric velocity vectors (−v) are indicated by arrows. A dozen point–like sources appeared in (p) were not erased by a star subtraction technique because of the short duration of exposures. Credit: Ishiguro et al., 2016. Scientists investigate change in activity of comet 17P/Holmes Explore further More information: 2014-2015 Multiple Outbursts of 15P/Finlay, arXiv:1609.00792 [astro-ph.EP] arxiv.org/abs/1609.00792AbstractMultiple outbursts of a Jupiter-family comet, 15P/Finlay, occurred from late 2014 to early 2015. We conducted an observation of the comet after the first outburst and subsequently witnessed another outburst on 2015 January 15.6-15.7. The gas, consisting mostly of C2 and CN, and dust particles expanded at speeds of 1,110 +/- 180 m/s and 570 +/- 40 m/s at a heliocentric distance of 1.0 AU. We estimated the maximum ratio of solar radiation pressure with respect to the solar gravity beta_max = 1.6 +/- 0.2, which is consistent with porous dust particles composed of silicates and organics. We found that 10^8-10^9 kg of dust particles (assumed to be 0.3 micron – 1 mm) were ejected through each outburst. Although the total mass is three orders of magnitude smaller than that of the 17P/Holmes event observed in 2007, the kinetic energy per unit mass (104 J/kg) is equivalent to the estimated values of 17P/Holmes and 332P/2010 V1 (Ikeya-Murakami), suggesting that the outbursts were caused by a similar physical mechanism. From a survey of cometary outbursts on the basis of voluntary reports, we conjecture that 15P/Finlay-class outbursts occur >1.5 times annually and inject dust particles from Jupiter-family comets and Encke-type comets into interplanetary space at a rate of ~10 kg/s or more. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.