“We initiated the project to stimulate economic development through the creation of an enabling environment for business and to leverage public funds to boost private sector funding in the area,” said Khetsi. “The municipality’s engineering department has already identified infrastructure capacity constraints, particularly the sanitation services, which need to be upgraded,” municipal spokesperson Samkelo Ngwenya said in East London last week. “We have also started with the land acquisition process to purchase privately-owned land for identified projects. The BRT route will include the Qumza Highway, which connects East London and Mdantsane. Mdantsane Urban Renewal Programme operations manager Mamoeketsi Khetsi said the revamp project will include increased residential and commerical opportunities, better use of public spaces, and recreational and social entertainment facilities. 26 April 2011 Mdantsane, just outside East London, will undergo a R128-million makeover as part of the Buffalo City Municipality’s Mdantsane Urban Renewal Programme, which seeks to breathe new life into ageing infrastructure and dilapidated social facilities in the township. Plans to revamp the central business district of Mdantsane in the Eastern Cape – one of South Africa’s largest townships – are in full swing. A boxing museum, private clinic, social housing facility and student residence are other projects that are set to be built in the central business district. Increased residential and commercial opportunities Source: BuaNews “This project is in keeping with the city’s aims of building infrastructure that will boost economic and social development, and create sustainable development within the area,” Ngwenya said. The funds will be spent over the next five to 10 years in an effort to boost the area economically. Plans for revamping the central business district also include the introduction of a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) public transport system, which is expected to be complete next year.
TweetPinShare0 Shares HOUSTON — Astros Manager A.J. Hinch showed confidence in his ace to let him finish what he started the night of June 25.Dallas Keuchel pitched a six-hitter and struck out a career-high 12 in his second shutout in less than a month to lead the Houston Astros to a 4-0 win over the New York Yankees.“I haven’t been here a long time but that’s probably as good as I’ve seen Dallas Keuchel,” Hinch said. “The game plan for him is to use his pitches and be aggressive. His ball is moving all over the place tonight which made them have to be aggressive.”Keuchel (9-3) gave up six singles and walked one while topping his previous best of 11 strikeouts in a shutout over the White Sox on May 30.“Probably, just based on command and stuff wise,” Keuchel said when asked if it was the best he felt. “I got a few pitches early, but they weren’t really aggressive early pitch wise.That led to an advantage for me then later in the game, they started hacking. I was able to get all four pitches over, and that was crucial for me. I was also able to calm down.”The left-hander retired 18 of 19 during one stretch, including 15 straight before Alex Rodriguez’s single with two outs in the ninth. Mark Texeira then walked prompting a trip to the mound by Hinch.“I told him finish the game, I want to go home,” Hinch said. “I think the game should be over and it was his game to finish. That’s exactly what I told him.”Carlos Beltran singled to load the bases, but Keuchel got Jose Pirela to ground into a force out to end the game.Keuchel rebounded from his worst start of the season when he allowed five runs and walked four Saturday at Seattle.“It seems like division games I get a little too amped up for, and it was very uncharacteristic of me in Seattle,” Keuchel said. “I wanted to take a step back and relax a little coming out of the gate and find my groove.”Jose Altuve had three hits and scored three times. Evan Gattis had an RBI single in the sixth and an RBI double in the eighth.Adam Warren (5-5) allowed three runs — two earned — and five hits with four strikeouts in 5 2/3 innings for the Yankees. The loss was Warren’s first in four starts. He has allowed three runs or fewer in each of his last nine starts.Preston Tucker’s RBI double gave Houston a 1-0 lead in the second.Colby Rasmus’ sacrifice fly scored Altuve to stretch the Astros’ lead to 2-0 in the fourth. Chris Young and Beltran each had two of New York’s six hits as the Yankees lost for the fourth time in five games.“Well he stays down in the zone, he’s using the corners, and he’s using the zone,” Yankees Manager Joe Girardi said of Keuchel.“He attacks, he’s ahead all night. He wasn’t behind in too many counts. We got a few hits but we never put anything together. We hit a couple balls hard foul. He pitched well.”
OTTAWA – Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg made a public apology Wednesday for his company’s handling of users’ personal information — including more than 620,000 Canadians — as the social media giant faced a growing international uproar over the questionable use of personal data for political purposes.The company estimates 622,161 users in Canada had their data improperly shared with Cambridge Analytica through apps used by themselves or their friends.Overall, Facebook says that 87 million of its users worldwide were affected — significantly more than the 50 million originally believed to be affected — with nearly 82 per cent of them believed to be located in the United States.The company said those affected will find out Monday if their information was improperly shared with Cambridge Analytica.Zuckerberg said the privacy breach showed his company didn’t take seriously its responsibility towards users “and that was a huge mistake.”“It was my mistake. So now we have to go through every part of our relationship with people and make sure we’re taking a broad enough view of our responsibility,” he said during an afternoon conference call with reporters.“It’s not enough to just connect people. We have to make sure those connections are positive and that they bring people closer together.”Canada’s privacy commissioner said he wasn’t surprised at the magnitude of the number of Canadians affected. Speaking in Toronto, Daniel Therrien said the figure will work into his ongoing investigation about the data breach and whether there were any violations of federal privacy laws.Facebook is facing its worst privacy scandal ever in the wake of allegations that Cambridge Analytica used data collected without users’ authorization to help Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign and possibly other elections. Policy makers in Canada and other countries are now wrestling with how to respond to the spread of “fake news” on social media platforms like Facebook, which announced Wednesday it had also shut down accounts and pages linked to a Russian agency accused of online meddling in foreign elections.Zuckerberg said the company would bring to 20,000 the number of workers dedicated to battling “fake news,” as he apologized for initially dismissing the notion that the misinformation campaign had any impact on election outcomes.The social media giant plans to restrict data access on its platforms, which includes Instagram, to better protect users’ information. Facebook will disable a feature that let anyone search Facebook for a user with their email or phone number, saying in a post that “malicious actors” had used the tool to scrape personal data of most users on Facebook. And starting Monday, it will show people which apps use their Facebook information.Zuckerberg is set to testify next week before a U.S. congressional committee, and he said top executives at the company would be dispatched to other countries wanting to hold government hearings on the scandal.Canada’s acting minister for democratic institutions called Facebook’s admission of the scope of the breach “deeply concerning.”“While Facebook has begun to take initial steps to address these issues, it is clear that much more needs to be done,” Scott Brison said in a statement.Brison has said he’d be open to strengthening federal privacy laws, which don’t currently apply to political parties. And Zuckerberg appeared open to further regulation in a sector that has so far shied away from government oversight.International experts in the national capital Wednesday to talk about the issue of “fake news” said the Liberals needed to enact stronger privacy laws to better regulate how social media giants use Canadians’ personal information.“Since there are insufficient limits on what you can do with personal data, there is no countervailing force,” said David Carroll, an American academic who is suing Cambridge Analytica in the U.K. to gain access to his data.“We need to realize that privacy legislation will weaken the behemoths in a healthy way.”Other options put forward included greater transparency for online advertising that would enable users to easily learn who paid for a Facebook ad, how much they spent, how many people viewed it and why the ad targeted the user. Ben Scott, a former adviser in the State Department, said countries should look for ways to restrict the use of personal data for political targeting to avoid the kind of dirty tricks campaigns Cambridge Analytica is accused of conducting.Sue Gardner, former executive director of Wikimedia Foundation, said there is general opposition south of the border to government regulations in the sector, with a belief that government involvement would make matters worse. Instead, recommendations in the U.S. centre around self-regulation.“Those are massively insufficient for the scope of the problem,” she said.— With files from Andy Blatchford in Ottawa and Dave Paddon in Toronto
Kolkata: The South Eastern Railway has decided to run 11 pairs of special trains between Shalimar andMumbai from April 20 to July 1 and another 11 pairs of special trains between Santragachi and New Jalpaiguri from April 21 to June 30 to clear the extra rush of passengers during summer. Trains get more passengers during summer as people plan trips during holidays. A weekly special train will leave Shalimar station at 6.10 am every Monday and will reach Mumbai at 4.05 pm on Tuesday. Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari PujaIn the opposite direction, the special train will leave Mumbai at 11.05 am every Saturday and will arrive at Shalimar at 9.30 pm the next day, Sunday. “The special train consisting of one AC 2 Tier, two AC 3-Tier, seven sleeper Class and three general second class coaches, will have stoppages at Santragachi, Kharagpur, Tatanagar, Chakradharpur, Rourkela, Jharsuguda, Bilaspur, Raipur, Durg, Gondia, Nagpur, Wardha, Badnera, Akola, Bhusawal, Nasik Road, Igatpuri, Kalyan and Dadar between Shalimar and Mumbai CSMT,” a senior SER official said. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highwaySantragachi-New Jalpaiguri weekly AC special will be leaving Santragachi at 10.25 am every Sunday and will reach New Jalpaiguri at 8.55 pm, the same day. In the opposite direction, New Jalpaiguri-Santragachi special will leave New Jalpaiguri at 11.15 pm every Sunday and will arrive Santragachi at 11.15 am , the next day. This train will have sixteen AC 3-tier coaches and will have stoppages at Bardhaman, Rampurhat, Malda Town, Barsoi, Kishanganj and Alubari Road between Santragachi and New Jalpaiguri. Booking will be available for both the trains from Passenger Reservation System (PRS) and internet with immediate effect.
Manchester City will play on Sunday against this “tough” rival says coach Guardiola, in what will be the Citizens first home game of the seasonManchester City opened the 2018-2019 Premier League season with a win over Arsenal last week.And now, they will host Huddersfield at Etihad Stadium on Sunday.But the Citizens’ boss Pep Guardiola doesn’t want any surprises and has warned their team about their “tough” opponent.“Last season was tough, those games,” City manager Guardiola said as reported by The National.Solskjaer praises Harry Maguire after Man United’s 1-0 win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Ole Gunnar Solskjaer singled out Harry Maguire for praise after helping Manchester United keep a clean sheet in their 1-0 win over Leicester City.“They defended so well.”“They are so tough – physicality, defensively strong, good set-pieces, good throw-ins, good counter-attack, good high pressing,” he explained.“It was complicated last season and I imagine quite similar games.”“In this part of the season, all the teams, especially those with a lot of players at the World Cup, you need time – one month or a month and a half”, he added.“In this period, these kind of games are so dangerous for the players. Games like this – and Wolves, Cardiff, Fulham – I prefer these teams in October/November.”
Amanda Davis Helps Women Get Behind The Mixer amanda-davis-getting-more-women-color-behind-mixing-board Janelle Monáe’s Front of House engineer spoke to the Recording Academy about the way she’s helping women as young as 16 pursue engineering, working with Monáe, why mentorship is so important to her and moreJennifer VelezGRAMMYs Apr 11, 2019 – 2:33 pm Amanda Davis is on a mission to get women of color behind the mixing board. As the Front of House engineer (FOH) for GRAMMY-nominated superstar musician Janelle Monáe, she’s helped deliver the best sonic experiences at live shows across the world. And the Memphis native isn’t done there; She’s currently also the FOH and production manager for GRAMMY-winning rising star Ella Mai. But Davis didn’t always know live sound was the path she wanted to go down in the music industry; even when she did, she maneuvered the road with little guidance. Thanks to her strong faith and some risk-taking, she’s become a powerhouse engineer who has Tegan and Sara, Jidenna, Wale and more under her FOH repertoire. Now established and knowing the challenges women of color face, she wants to help pave the way for female engineers through a production program called LineCheck! (While all women are welcome to apply, Davis targets women of color as she says they face a particular lack of opportunity in the field.)Davis spoke to the Recording Academy about the way she’s helping young women become engineers through her program and how they can get involved, how she began her career, working with Monáe and why mentorship is so important to her. Tell me about yourself, where did you grow up? When did your interest in music begin?I was born and grew up in Memphis, Tenn. That alone is the best inclination as to where/when my interest in music began. The soul of Memphis is music. I honestly have no idea when/where the interest in music began because that’s all I know. I think I started piano lessons when I was between three and five years old. By the time I was in middle school I realized I could sing and started to focus on that until I was about 23, had a real come to Jesus moment with myself (laughs) and concluded that I didn’t want to sing anymore. I still wanted and needed to be involved in music. So I took a leap of faith and went to audio school. Put in the time, participated in multiple internships and hustled my butt off in Atlanta. Through many trials and errors, here I am six years into a career. How did you begin working with music?I first started working as a lab tech at SAE Institute. Then I started teaching music theory there. While doing that I was working as a FOH at a church and different clubs around the Atlanta area. When did you realize you wanted to be an engineer?It kind of happened organically. I was just trying to find my way through the industry and where I belonged. Becoming an engineer was something I really started focusing on once I was almost done with my time at SAE. How did you begin working with Janelle Monáe?My friend, Jeff Cohran, who’s also Janelle’s tour & production manager, called me and explained that Janelle expressed wanting a woman as her FOH. I immediately sent my resume, mind you, I had never toured at this point in my career so the resume wasn’t really that long (laughs) and the rest is history. Email Twitter Facebook Amanda Davis Is Getting More Women Of Color Behind The Mixing Board News Fondest memory in the studio so far?My second to last internship I got to work with producer Dru Castro. He produced a couple of my favorite songs on an India.Airie album.Talk to me about the LineCheck! Women In Production program you have going on, what is it?LineCheck! is a program I initiated to have a small group of young ladies shadow me during sound checks while I’m on tour. These are young ladies who are pursuing and/or interested in live concert production. Whether that be live sound, tour management, production management, production assisting. It’s to give exposure to this side of things and show them that these positions are viable careers to pursue. I show them stage set up, how I build my show files, explain load ins and load outs, etc. They sometimes even get the chance to speak with other women who are on tour with me in the aforementioned positions. How did this idea come about and what do you hope participants get out of it?When I got the call to go out on tour with Janelle I realized I had no one to call to ask how to do this. I didn’t know how much I should get paid, how to advance, how to build an input list, tune a room….nothing! I had one person I called on, but it wasn’t a woman and he hadn’t really toured on this level, so, unfortunately, I was really winging it! (laughs) So as I grew as a woman and engineer, I realized that I wanted to help those coming along after me so they wouldn’t feel alone and as uneducated as I did starting out on this journey. There are a lot of things I wish someone told me that I just had to learn the hard way. No need for others to go through that way, right?! Who is eligible and how can they get involved?Any young lady 16 years of age and above are welcomed! I will be completely transparent and say I particularly extend this offer to women of color, simply because that demographic is usually deprived of exposure to these types of opportunities, but all are welcome! Email email@example.com to inquire about dates. RELATED: Put Your Dreams To Work: 5 Ways To Land Your Ideal Music JobWhy is this kind of mentorship work important to you? Viola Davis said something at the 2017 Emmys I will never forget, I’m abbreviating a bit but she said, “The only thing that separates women of color from anyone else is opportunity”. I’ll add exposure to that. These young ladies simply don’t know that this career path is even an option for them, I didn’t! I want to do my part to let them know this is an option…there aren’t any limits! What’s the greatest lesson the industry has taught you so far?Trust God, then yourself. What is your advice for young women that want to pursue engineering?Don’t limit yourself to one sector of engineering. There are sooooo many opportunities from mixing live, studio tracking, RF coordinator, patch person, post-production mixing. Much more! It’s really endless. Try it all and see what you organically gravitate towards the most. What projects are you working on now?I’m currently on tour with Ella Mai as Production Manager and Front of House engineer. About to go into heavy touring with my time split between Ella and Janelle. Women In The Recording Studio: Overdubbing History From Her PerspectiveRead more
WILMINGTON, MA — Below is an important announcement from the Wilmington Police Department:Chief Joseph Desmond reports that the Wilmington Police Department is investigating shots fired in the area of Salem Street and Ring Avenue.On May 13, 2019, Wilmington Police responded to the area of Ring Avenue and Salem Street at approximately 12:45am, for the report of shots fired. Officers secured the area and commenced an investigation into the complaint. The scene was quickly determined to be safe and Officers conducted their investigation and processed the scene.At this time, Police located 5 shell casing from a firearm in the area of Salem Street and Ring Avenue.No one was injured in this incident.The Wilmington Police Department is actively investigating the incident and anyone with additional information is encouraged to contact the Wilmington Police Department at 978-658-5071.Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedPOLICE LOG for July 2: Wilmington Man Arrested On Warrant; Family Causes Scene At Silver Lake?In “Police Log”POLICE LOG for August 19: Fist Fight At Planet Fitness; Hawk Stuck Inside Building; Gas Line StruckIn “Police Log”POLICE LOG for June 19: Fire Dept. Delayed By Train When Responding To Crash; Duck Flew Into House; Turtle Stuck In PoolIn “Police Log”
Vithika Sheru’s argument with Bigg Boss Telugu 3Screenshot of hotstar videoAfter Mahesh Vitta, Vithika Sheru was seen having a heated argument with Punarnavi Bhupalam in Bigg Boss Telugu 3 on Tuesday. But her husband Varun Sandesh took Navi’s side and said that his wife was at fault.As the July 30th episode of Bigg Boss Telugu 3 began, Vithika and Punarnavi were seen having a difference of opinion over giving Sreemukhi a responsibility. Later in the day, Bigg Boss informed that the gas and water supply was cut as a part of the luxury budget task and the housemates have to keep cycling 3 bicycles in the garden area to get continuous supply to the house. Everyone tried their best in the task.In the middle of the task, Punarnavi asked Vithika to take part in the task to which Vithika replied that she prepared 35 to 40 dosas for the inmates and others taking part in the task voluntarily. But Punarnavi’s reply irked Vithika, who yelled at her. To this, Varun took Navi’s side and cross-questioned his wife. Have your say in the pollVote: Who among these 8 contestants should be eliminated from Bigg Boss Telugu 3 in week 2? 1. Vithika Sheru 18.4% 2. Sreemukhi 17.89% 3. Mahesh Vitta 15.59% 4. Jaffar Babu 12.21% 5. Himaja Reddy 10% 6. Varun Sandesh 9.46% 7. Punarnavi Bhupalam 8.78% 8. Rahul Sipligunj 7.67% This lead to an argument between all the three. Vithika burst into tears and walks away when her husband continued to support Punarnavi. Ravi, Rohini and others tried to console her. Finally, Varun tries to convince the issue to Vithika in the restroom. The two sorted out their differences and apologized to each other.When the couple entered the house of Bigg Boss Telugu 3, many viewers feared that they should not have come together on the show. Their decision might lead to creating differences between the two and lead to divorce. After seeing the drama on Tuesday, some of them felt that the couple is slowly heading towards splitting. Here is what they have to say about this whole episode.•✨♡Arshi Stuck♡✨• @YouMeRabbaVe VR @imrvishnu #vithika ♂️ irritated a lot in today episode… didn’t understand whether she suffering with stomach pain or head ache … not sure whether she knows #BiggBossTelugu3 Sreemukhi is wayyyy better than Punarnavi. Punarnavi aa nasa enti thali. Vithika vanta chesindi ga. It is team wrk n if not today, she will do it tomm. Big deal. Eeme ki task artam kaaka andarni nasa pertundi #BiggBossTelugu3 Vitika simple issue ni serious ga teesukuntadi and normal ga cheppedi kuda chala harsh ga convey chestadi. Short temper and loud mouth. #BiggBossTelugu3 I agree with her point. But punarnavi didn’t say it rudely no. She has to take it easy. She could have said the same thing normally without shouting. The way she responds to an issue is not good. She takes everything as an attack on her. #BiggBossTelugu3 Vitika got pissed with punarnavi. Navi got upset. Varun tried to calm them down. Vitika shouted again.. Even though her points are valid.. Varun supported navi because she was ‘shouting’ and he doesn’t want his wife to screw up her relationship with her friend. #BiggBossTelugu3 She is not the only one who cooked Ashu Reddy also helped if u see properly. Unadhi 15 members each 2 dosa Total 30.then she hardly made 15 to 20 dosa and she is saying 35 to 40 ❓❓ they limited luxury budget too BiggBossTeluguFan @BiggBossTelugu2 Why #VithikaSheru keep on checking cameras while she talks??? She is definitely big irritating woman in the house #BiggBoss3Telugu #BiggBossTeluguSeason3 #BiggBossTelugu3 @StarMaa Episode10: #VarunSandesh is an active volcano who doesn’t know when he will explode on his wife. Clearly not showing his anger because of cameras.#biggbosstelugu3 @StarMaa #BiggBossTelugu3 #VithikaSheru BiggBossTelugu3 @TeluguBiggBoss3 #BiggBossTelugu3 Don’t see logic in pple’s voting if U R not vting for vithika for ystday’s over drama then same logic shd be applied on punarnavi as well. She instigated her basing on the fact that she didnt participate in cycle task with out considering her effort in kitchen.. TeluguBiggBoss @RealMeSunny Sandhya @Sandhyaa1996 The writer @ThewriterVS I don’t think so.. Wife tho issues quite common. ayina aa godava ninna ne sorry cheppukoni idaru cool ayyaru. ippudu godava vere la anipistundi. #BiggBossTelugu3 I support vithika in today’s episode.she cooked..punarnvi pointing her was not fair.there is no point if everyone starts fightng to be on cycle..punarnavi is being overconfident n showing her real self.rahul simplignj is in love it seems, blindly supportng her #BiggBossTelugu3 I am sure punarnvi will take all the praises to her head..today we saw her attitude while speaking to vithika and shivjyoti..ppl callng her mature shud w8 n see how she changes..just don’t fall for her looks.outer beauty need not make a persn beautiful frm inside #BiggBossTelugu3 #BiggBoss3Telugu #BiggBossTelugu3 #Telugubiggboss3 Looks like punarnavi wantedly locking horns with Vithika for some reason, nd Vthika is exactly getting trapped in Punarnavi’s scheme of whatever it is. Vthika is definitely getting into bad books for not controlling her emotions Visa Sriram @visasriram Today’s drama provided as per the script by Vithika Sheru, the drama queen of #BiggBossTelugu3. Varun has patience which comes with being with a woman like Vithika, no doubt, but I guess he needs to take a stand for himself in the #BiggBossTelugu3 house, unless it’s a plan (looks like it) by the couple. People know Varun more than Vithika. He needs the win more than her. Sammakka.Saarakka @SSaarakka It’s time for #VithikaSheru to exit the house. 1. She is gossiping 2. Just want to make big scene for small things (last with week #Mahesh and this week with #punarnavi) 3. #Varun would play better without her. This video an example of her drama! #BiggBossTelugu3 biggbosstelugu3 @biggbosstelugu9 Hari Krishna @Krishna19Hari Lalitha @Lalitha12618607 Aruna vedula karra @Arunaved272 I think Vithika is Right Cooking is not an easy thing.it exhausts our body and it requires atleast 15 mins to recover from that stress.what is Navi is doing in house actually.never seen her doing any work. another Sunayana without tanish #BiggBossTelugu3 She’s not mad on Navi. She’s mad on his Hus for supporting navi instead of her.its every wife’s nature around the world. No women on earth like this thing even though it’s her mistake. #BiggBossTelugu3 strategic move by vithika and varun… to gain screen space and image. Last week screen space for Issue with mahesh, this week screen space for remainding the task… by navi… punarnavi most deserved candidate for final..5
The practice of fudaraku tokai (meaning “the crossing of the sea to Fudaraku”) had all the trappings of a funeral: an elderly monk, usually sealed up in his ship like a coffin — the walls and roof hammered shut with nails — atop a small single-sailed boat with no rudder and oars to steer with. Watching him go, his friends and family wept as he disappeared over the horizon. The monk was alive and he was a volunteer, but he hadn’t chosen to die — he had chosen to be reborn.Between the 10th and 16th centuries, aged monks sailed out in small single-sailed boats in the hope of arriving at the island of Fudaraku, the southern paradise of Kannon (known as Avalokitesvara in Sanskrit), the bodhisattva of compassion. In Buddhism, a bodhisattva is someone who has attained enlightenment but has delayed his or her entry to nirvana in order to share their teachings with others.Kumano Nachi MandalaThose who undertook the journey were usually close to the end. Upon reaching Kannon’s realm, which is called Potalaka in Sanskrit, the monk would be reborn into this new world as an immortal.They spent their journey in prayer, and perhaps in terror as the reality of their situation hit them, with only 30-days of food and a single lantern to bring them comfort.Once the food ran out, they pulled a plug in the hull and as the fatal torrent of water poured in, the monk and his vessel sunk beneath the waves towards the afterlife.Japanese buddhist monk by Arashiyama.Although rooted in Buddhism, fudaraku tokai is a product of the collision of cultures and religions in the region, weaving elements of Taoism and native Japanese folklore to create a tradition unique to Japan.As a nation of islands on the edge of East Asia, it’s inevitable for Japanese Buddhists that the journey to another world is a journey across the water — as opposed to a journey upwards into the heavens, or downwards beneath the earth as is common in the rest of Buddhism.The Fengxian cave (c. 675 AD) of the Longmen Grottoes, commissioned by Wu Zetian; the large, central Buddha is representative of the Vairocana. Photo by G41rn8 CC BY-SA 4.0Fudaraku tokai was closely linked to Fudarakusan Temple, or Fudarakusan-ji, at the town of Nachi (now part of the larger urban area of Nachikatsuura) on the southeastern coast of Honshū, Japan’s largest island.It was the heartland of the Kannon cult and of the 36 recorded acts of fudaraku tokai, 26 of them took place at Nachi. It was customary for the temple’s abbot to undertake the voyage when he reached the age of 61.Fudarakusan-ji. Photo by 663highland CC BY SA 2.5A 12th century diary written by the nobleman Fujiwara no Yorinaga details a conversation with an eyewitness to the act of fudaraku tokai, who reveals the level of prayer and preparation involved in this voyage to the southern paradise:“There was a lone monk who wished to travel to Mount Fudaraku in his present body. He carved a statue of the Thousand-Armed Kannon, held the helm of a small boat, and for three years prayed that he might be able to travel to Mount Fudaraku. Having completed this, for seven days he performed practices designed to bring about wind and the great northern winds blew. With pleasure, he boarded his boat and faced south.”Detailed illustration of the coffin ship.The monks took with them offerings from the local community, and in doing so cleansed their souls and guaranteed their health and happiness. Donations funded the constructions of the boats and the carvings of elaborate shrines to decorate them. A common inscription explained their motives: “Peace in this world, birth in a good realm in the afterlife.”There was a dark side to all of this, though. There’s an account of Konkōbō, the 16th century abbot of Fudarakusan Temple, who had a sinking feeling about his chances of finding this mythical island paradise.Fudaraku tokai ship. Photo by puffyjet CC BY SA 2.0As he was supposed to volunteer for it, the temple were initially unsure how to proceed when the abbot refused to submit to fudaraku tokai. Eventually, to restore the status quo and solve the problem, his assistants cut out the middleman and drowned their elderly leader.From the 15th century onwards, Japan was increasing visited by European merchants and explorers, and from the 16th century Jesuit missionaries began to cross the island to try and spread the gospel of Christ.While their success at converting Japan’s people from Buddhism and Shintoism to Christianity was limited, they did change the religious landscape in in one significant way.Read another story from us: The Hidden Underground Bodies of the Easter Island Head StatuesWith the arrival of these outsiders from distant lands, the idea of Japan as the absolute edge of the world with a mysterious island otherworld lurking somewhere to the south became increasingly hard to swallow. By the end of the 17th century, fudaraku tokai had died out.