Narciso “Chicho” Garcia, Wellington: Nov. 2, 1952 – Jan. 14, 2015

first_imgChicho GarciaNarciso “Chicho” Garcia, of Wellington died Wednesday, January 14, 2015 at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas at the age of 62.Narciso was born the son of Julia and Ismael Garcia Cano on Sunday, November 02, 1952 in Montemorelos, Mexico.On April 20, 1979, Chicho and Maria Cortez were united in marriage at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic Church in Wichita. Together they celebrated 35 years of marriage.In 2000, Chicho and Maria moved their family from the Houston area to Wellington to own and operate Fabiola’s Mexican Restaurant. Whether in Wichita or Wellington, Chicho and his family were loved and respected by many.Survivors include his loving wife, Maria Garcia of Wellington, five daughters: Marissol Montalvo (Tony) of Alvin, Texas, Kristina Garcia (Azael Renova) of Wichita, Mayra Vazquez (Raul) of Wellington, Soffia Garcia of Wellington and Thalia Garcia of Wellington, two grandchildren: Isabella and Antonio Montalvo of Alvin, Texas, sister, Elida Segovia of Mexico, brother, Fernando Garcia (Gloria) of Houston, Texas, sister, Eglantina Robles (John, Jr.) of Spring, Texas, brother, Ismael G. Garcia of Wichita, sister, Eudalia Medrano (Juan) of Donna, Texas and sister, Elsa Alanis of Mexico. He was preceded in death by his mother, Julia Garcia, father, Ismael Garcia and sister, Rosa Ramos.A viewing will be held at Day Funeral Home from 9 a.m .to 5 p.m., Sunday, January 18, 2015.Recitation of the Holy Rosary and Vigil Service will begin at 7 p.m., Sunday, January 18, 2015 at St. Anthony/St. Rose Catholic Church, Wellington.Funeral Mass for Chicho will be held at 10 a.m., Monday, January 19, 2015 at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Catholic Church, Wichita.Interment will follow at Resurrection Cemetery in Wichita.A memorial fund has been established for his youngest daughter, Thalia.  Contributions may be given to the Thalia Garcia Education Fund and can be mailed or left with the funeral home.To share a memory or leave condolences, please visit are by Day Funeral Home & Crematory, Wellington.last_img read more

Ernst backs bill to smack illegal robocallers with fines of $10K per call

first_imgWASHINGTON — During her 99-county tour of the state, U-S Senator Joni Ernst says she’s frequently hearing from Iowans during town hall meetings about relentless robocalls trying to dupe us out of our money.Ernst says new legislation is taking shape which aims to turn the tables on the annoying, illegal calls. “The current law doesn’t do nearly enough to deal with scammers who are intentionally and aggressively breaking telemarketing rules.”The Republican from Red Oak says she’s signed on as a co-sponsor of the Telephone Robocall Abuse Criminal Enforcement and Deterrence Act. “The TRACED Act gives regulators much more authority in going after robocall scam artists,” Ernst says, “including charging penalties of up to $10,000 per call for bad actors who intentionally break the law.”One element of the bill would mandate that our phone service providers use call authentication technology which would shut down robocalls before they can even ring our numbers. It would also bring several federal agencies together in an effort to track and prosecute robocallers, including the F-C-C and the Departments of Justice and Homeland Security. “This bipartisan bill, which now has 69 Democratic and Republican co-sponsors in the Senate, will help us better enforce the rules on the books to crack down on intrusive and illegal robocalls from predatory scammers,” Ernst says.A new study finds more than five-BILLION robocalls were made nationwide just in the past month.last_img read more

New guide to help clubs attract more young players

first_img27 Feb 2019 New guide to help clubs attract more young players Tags: Club Support, growing the game, Junior Golf A new guide to help golf clubs gain greater understanding of young people and to attract them into the sport has been produced by England Golf.The potential is huge: England Golf research shows that in 2017, 67% of all young people took part in some form of golf activity. That’s about 5.35 million youngsters in England.But at the same time, they’re turning their backs on golf clubs and traditional junior memberships are dropping.Understanding Your Junior Market has been created to help reverse the trend. It forms part of a raft of measures identified in the wider national Children and Young People Plan “Growing the Game for the Future” which is supported by the Golf Foundation and the Professional Golfers’ Association.The guide highlights ways to find out what young people want from golf and golf clubs – and what could put them off. It uses the specially created profiles of seven different types of youngster to show how they and their parents view golf.A supporting video and online training are available to show clubs how to use the profiles to understand their current juniors and their families, create activities to attract new players, develop retention plans to keep their interest and market these successfully.Lee Dolby, England Golf’s Young People Manager, commented: “Attracting young people in to golf is essential for the future of golf clubs and, to do that successfully, they need a better understanding of what young people want from their golfing experience.“One size definitely does not fit all. Young people change faster than at any other time in life and what appeals to a six-year-old may not be right for a 16-year-old. But, many clubs still just offer one version of junior golf.“We need to think about the individuals, their motivations and the barriers they encounter. Traditional membership is dropping among young people; that doesn’t mean they don’t want to belong and feel part of a club, it does mean they don’t like what clubs are offering.“We want to work with clubs to create new and exciting ways to engage young people and inspire a love of golf which will last a lifetime.”Emily Furniss, from Gaudet Luce Golf Club in Worcestershire is a Young Ambassador for England Golf and the Golf Foundation, and has written a message to clubs in the guide.She comments: “Not everyone wants to be the next Rory McIlroy, some young people just want to belong, to make friends or play for fun. So listening to the opinions and needs of the next generation of golfers will broaden the appeal of the game.“This booklet is a great starting place for clubs to understand their young customers and we hope you’ll use it to take positive steps to get more young people into golf.”The new guide complements England Golf’s wider package of support for clubs, Understanding Your Market. This helps clubs retain members and identify potential new members by focussing on what their customers want.Click here to view Understanding Your Junior Market. For more advice contact your local Club Support Officer.Image copyright Leaderboard Photographylast_img read more

Beyoncé presents Colin Kaepernick with SI’s Muhammad Ali Award

first_imgMOST READ Jo Koy: My brain always wants to think funny Kaepernick skipped the red carpet prior to the show and was not available for questions. The awards show will be broadcast Friday night on NBC Sports Network.Kaepernick also recently was honored by the ACLU of Southern California with the Eason Monroe Courageous Advocate Award and was named GQ magazine’s “Citizen of the Year” for his activism, which included pledging $1 million to “organizations working in oppressed communities.” NVGRELATED STORIES:Colin Kaepernick named GQ magazine’s citizen of the year200 NFL players protest in defiance of TrumpSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View comments Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Coco’s house rules on ‘Probinsyano’ set LATEST STORIES It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Beyoncé was brought out as a surprise presenter by comedian Trevor Noah. She said she was “proud and humbled” to present the award.Photo by Evan Agostini/Invision/AP, File“Colin took action with no fear of consequence or repercussion,” Beyoncé said. “Only hope to change the world for the better. To change perception, to change the way we treat each other. Especially people of color.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSBrian Heruela arrival bolsters Phoenix backcourt, defenseLast year’s Ali Award winner, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, called Kaepernick a “worthy recipient” during a video tribute.“He fully embraced the risk to his career in order to remind Americans of the systemic racism that was denying African Americans their opportunities to equal education, jobs, health and even their lives,” Abdul-Jabbar said. Kiss-and-tell matinee idol’s conquests: True stories or tall tales? Phivolcs records 2 ‘discrete weak ash explosions’ at Taal Volcano Colin Kaepernick attends the 2017 ACLU SoCal’s Bill of Rights Dinner at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel on Sunday, Dec. 3, 2017, in Beverly Hills, Calif. (Photo by Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP)NEW YORK (AP) — Beyoncé presented Colin Kaepernick with Sports Illustrated’s Muhammad Ali Legacy Award on Tuesday night.Kaepernick promised that “with or without the NFL’s platform, I will continue to work for the people.”ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Kaepernick began kneeling during the national anthem last season to protest racial inequality and police brutality.AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, FileThe demonstration sparked a wave of protests by NFL players during the anthem that repeatedly has been denounced by President Donald Trump.Kaepernick parted ways with the San Francisco 49ers in March and hasn’t been signed by another team. He filed a grievance against the NFL in October alleging that he remains unsigned as a result of collusion by owners following his protests.He spoke Tuesday about continuing Ali’s legacy for fighting social injustice, saying the boxing great “mentored me without ever meeting me.”“The footprints he leaves are large,” Kaepernick said, “and his life is and has been a multi-textured tapestry that is rich in love, wisdom, life lessons and human kindness. I can only hope that I’m taking steps toward walking on the footsteps that he has left behind for the world to follow.”ADVERTISEMENT Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene Serena ‘very likely’ to make comeback at Australian Openlast_img read more

Andy Murray’s agony: ‘It’s so sore I even hate walking the dogs’

first_imgPhilippine Army to acquire MANPADS, self-propelled howitzers Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title LATEST STORIES Britain’s Andy Murray reacts during a press conference following his first round loss to Spain’s Roberto Bautista Agut at the Australian Open tennis championships in Melbourne, Australia, Tuesday, Jan. 15, 2019. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)Andy Murray has opened up about the personal agony of his battered right hip after losing an epic Australian Open five-setter, saying he can’t even enjoy simple pleasures like walking his dogs.The Scot fought to the bitter end in what could prove his final match before losing a four-hour thriller to 22nd seed Roberto Bautista Agut on Monday night.ADVERTISEMENT Japeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for Ginebra  I trained ‘too hard’ “I just don’t really know yet. But, you know, if today was my last match, look, it was a brilliant way to finish, as well. That’s something that I’ll probably take into consideration.“It was an amazing atmosphere. I literally gave everything that I had on the court, fought as best as I could, and performed a lot better than what I should have done without the amount I’ve been able to practice and train.“I’d be okay with that being my last match.”Murray added with a touch of poignancy that he would harbor some regrets if he was forced away from the game he loves.“I practiced hard. I trained hard, probably too hard at certain stages in my career,” he said.“That was something that I would change and do differently if I could go back,” added Murray, despite achievements such as becoming the first British man to win Wimbledon in 77 years and the first player to win two Olympic singles golds.“Like some people have said the last few days, I got everything out of my game and stuff. But I feel like I should have done better, you know, I could have done things differently.“There’s matches here, for example, that I would love to play again, have another opportunity to do that,” Murray said, referring to his record of reaching the Melbourne final five times but never lifting the trophy.“But I have tried my best.” No guaranteed Round of 16 slot even if Azkals beat Kyrgyzstan Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award “It will improve my quality of life, I’ll be in less pain doing just, you know, normal things like walking around and putting your shoes and socks on and things.”The former world number one tried to describe his pain, which has become almost unbearable.“Just now, like, going to walk my dogs, playing football with my friends, is like the worst thing I can think of doing,” he revealed.“I hate it because it’s so sore and it’s uncomfortable.”Murray said he would talk to his team, his surgeon John O’Donnell and other players who have had similar operations, such as American doubles great Bob Bryan, before making up his mind.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Nextcenter_img In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil View comments Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college He now faces a heart-wrenching dilemma — having to decide over the next week whether to battle on through the pain for an emotional farewell at Wimbledon or undergo major surgery knowing it may mean he can never play tennis again.“I mean, I’ll probably decide in the next week or so. But that’s what I was saying the other day, that this might be my last match,” the 31-year-old three-time Grand Slam champion told a news conference in the early hours of Tuesday morning.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back Chriss“If I go ahead with the operation and I don’t recover well from it, then I don’t play again,” added the Scot who has won two Wimbledons, a US Open, the Davis Cup and two Olympic golds in his storied career.“I’m aware of that. That is the decision that I have to make. Ginebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup title Tom Brady most dominant player in AFC championship historylast_img read more

Women’s Indoor Soccer registration now open

first_imgThe league has not yet decided as to when games will begin, but organizers are saying they will start around Thanksgiving. Registration can be found online through the league’s official website and is running until September 26. Late entries will not be accepted.There will be a $50 discount in the price of registration for early bird registration, which runs until September 19.Along with registration, the league is also holding its Annual General Meeting prior to the start of the indoor season.- Advertisement -The AGM will be held at the Pomeroy Sport Centre on September 12, beginning at 7 p.m.League organizers will require at least two players from every team to attend.The league will also be looking to fill a variety of executive positions for this season, including President, Vice President, Tournament Coordinator and Ref Coordinator.Advertisementlast_img read more

Opposition Leader finds President’s suggestions “unfavourable”

first_imgPPP Presidential Candidate Irfaan Ali and former Attorney General Anil Nandlall met with Government representatives Joseph Harmon and Volda Lawrence on Wednesday at the Ministry of the Presidency as the hammering out process continues for the appointment of a new GECOM ChairAppointment of GECOM chair…submits 4 additional nominees…discussion continues todayOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo did not find favour with President David Granger’s suggestions of Attorney Kesaundra Alves and Justice Claudette La Bennett for the post of chairperson of the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM).This was revealed following a meeting with representatives from the President and Opposition on Wednesday to hammer out six names that are “not unacceptable” to the President.“The two names previously suggested by the President did not find favour with the Leader of the Opposition,” a joint statement from the two sides detailed.The President had initially suggested a list of eight names for the Opposition Leader to consider but subsequently shortlisted Alves, the Chair of the Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC), and Justice La Bennett, a retired High Court Judge.It is not the first time that Justice La Bennett’s name has appeared in the running for GECOM Chairperson. In 2017, prior to the unilateral appointment of retired Justice James Patterson, President Granger had been adamant that he was not leaning towards appointing La Bennett.Meanwhile, during Wednesday’s meeting, the Opposition’s team, which included People’s Progressive Party (PPP) Presidential Candidate Irfaan Ali and former Attorney General Anil Nandlall presented four additional names to be hammered out.These new names will be passed on to President Granger for consideration.Both the Opposition and the President’s representatives were tight-lipped about the new nominees.However, Director General at the Ministry of the Presidency Joseph Harmon, who, along with PNC/R Chair Volda Lawrence represented the President during the meeting, confirmed that these new names were not among the 18 submitted by the Opposition Leader back in 2017.The Head of State has found another four nominees submitted by the Opposition Leader as “not unacceptable”. This means that those four individuals can make the final list of six nominees for the post of the new GECOM chairperson.While, those final four names were not disclosed, <<>> understands that Conflict Resolution Specialist Lawrence Latchmansingh is among those of whom the Head of State found acceptable.Nevertheless, the hammering out process will continue today, where the two sides are expected to consider the four new Opposition nominees.Jagdeo has to compile a final consensual list of six nominees to submit to President Granger. From that list, the Head of State will choose a GECOM Chairperson.Initially, the Opposition Leader had presented 11 names to be “hammered out” by a working group comprising of representatives from both Government and the Opposition. These nominees were all rejected back in 2017 by President Granger, who had gone ahead and unilaterally appointed retired Justice James Patterson as the GECOM Chair.However, the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) on June 18, 2019 ruled that Justice James Patterson’s appointment to the post was flawed and unconstitutional. Days later, he stepped down opening up the process for a new chairperson to be appointed.The Court had urged that there be consensus between the two leaders in this process, resulting in the establishment of the working group. However, during a series of meetings last week, the President’s representatives shortlisted only five of the Opposition’s 11 nominees.This resulted in a breakdown in those talks after the Government’s side could not say definitively whether those names shortlisted, as well as those suggested by President, are not objectionable to him.The process was then referred back to the two political leaders and after several exchanges of correspondences over the weekend, Granger and Jagdeo finally met on Tuesday. Coming out of that meeting, the President found four of the Opposition’s nominees “not unacceptable”. The two sides also agreed that the hammering out process will continue with a smaller team and during that process, the two names suggested by the President, along with others “as may be necessary”, will be further discussed.Informal processMeanwhile, speaking with reporters after Wednesday’s meeting, Ali reminded that the hammering out process is informal and as such, more can be expected from the Opposition Leader in order to have consensus in the six names that will be submitted to the President for the GECOM Chair selection.Adding to this, Nandlall explained that the language of the CCJ must be read and interpreted in the context of Article 161 (2) which, among other things, gives the Opposition Leader the responsibility to continue to produce names to the President until his selection is made.“The character of that exercise cannot change, so it’s not for the President to keep sending (names). This process is to find the not acceptability of the President, nothing else. And when the CCJ said what they said, it must be construed from that context, that names must continue to come from the Leader of the Opposition until the President says yes…,” the former Attorney General stated.last_img read more

Guyana storms into CBC finals

first_imgGuyana’s National Basketball men’s team are gearing to bring the CBC title home following a magnificent undefeated run during their Caribbean Basketball Championships’ (CBC) playoffs.Having never previously achieved such a feat, the Guyanese are confident of their chances of winning the competition. They had their hands full, so to speak, contending with a formidable Barbados team in the semi-finals on Friday evening, but their 2-1 victory over Barbados in a friendly series at the Sir Garfield Sobers Sports Complex prior to the beginning of this tournament proved to be a great confidence booster for these representatives of the Golden Arrowhead.Guyana started out hot in the first quarter, leading Barbados 32-15 by the end of the first ten minutes. However, although the local boys continued their match-winning momentum, the Bajans had also seemingly found their momentum, and they closed Guyana’s 17-point lead to statistics that read 45-41 in the Guyanese favour by the halftime buzzer.But the likes of captain Stanton Rose, Ray Victor and Anthony Moe ensured that Guyana maintain a slim lead ahead of their Barbadian counterparts. Victor had another great night, racking up some 25 points, which consisted of three 3-pointers. An aggressive Moe added 17 points to Guyana’s total. And despite feeling the pressure from the Bajan defense, Captain Rose also managed to score in the double figures.With commendable contributions coming from the rest of the team, Guyana surged to 76 by the final buzzer, just 5 points ahead of Barbados. With the match ending in Guyana’s favour, the ecstatic national team will advance to the final against Antigua and Barbuda.Should Guyana win at the finals, it would be the best outing they have ever had at the CBC tournament. Their best performance yet came in 1994, when they won silver in this tournament.last_img read more

Upland win shakes up Baseline

first_imgAll three have a chance to win the title; none of the teams are playing each other. “It’s a chance for something where you’ll always have that memory,” Upland coach John McNally said. “Whether it’s one-way, two-ways or three-ways, it still says, `League title’ on the shirts.” Los Osos (16-11, 6-3) could have been the only Baseline team to get that opportunity this season, but Upland’s Shavaun Dukes hit a 3-pointer with 14 seconds left to erase the Grizzlies’ one-point lead. The Grizzlies’ Derrick Rodgers was fouled at the other end with 4.1 seconds to go, making the first free throw but missing the second. The loose ball went out of bounds off Upland (18-8, 6-3), meaning Los Osos still had one more chance. But the Grizzlies’ Mide Osifeso had his 3-point attempt bounce high off the rim twice before falling harmlessly to the court. Photo Gallery: Upland High School vs Los Osos High School Upland likely snuffed out that possibility on Tuesday night by beating league leader Los Osos 50-49 in a thriller that pulled the Highlanders even with the Grizzlies and Etiwanda heading into the final games of the season on Thursday. “We had the play we wanted, we had the shot from where we wanted it and we had the kid we wanted,” Los Osos coach David Smith said. “It just didn’t go in.” As Upland’s gym exploded in cheers and students ran onto the court to celebrate, Highlanders senior Willie Trimble gathered his team together and gestured emphatically. After Upland unexpectedly lost to Claremont on Friday but stayed alive with Etiwanda’s loss to Rancho Cucamonga the same night, Trimble wanted to make sure his teammates knew they couldn’t let this chance pass them by. “Some teams don’t get second chances,” he said. “We’re getting a third chance. “Los Osos is a good team, man, no lie. It just bounced our way.” On the game-winning play, Trimble – who led all scorers with 22 points – drove down the court and let the defense collapse on him. He jumped, as if to shoot, then spied Dukes alone in the corner and flipped him the ball. “I passed it to him and said, `That’s cash,’ ” Trimble said. “That’s my man.” Upland’s elation was the Grizzlies’ disappointment. Although they can still win at least a share of the league title by beating Rancho Cucamonga on Thursday, Smith said there’s no room for error. “We put ourselves in the exact positions I didn’t want to be in,” he said. “We have to go to Rancho, and that’s a really difficult place to play with the rivalry between our two schools. It’s going to be tough.” 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!center_img UPLAND – Did anyone really think a boys basketball team could win the Baseline League title without sharing? Nah. last_img

Downloads strain the Net

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinals160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! NEW YORK Every day, it seems, a new service pops up offering to send you video over the Internet. “Desperate Housewives,” Stephen Colbert heckling the president, clips of bad dancers at wedding parties: It’s all there. You may be up for it, but is the Internet? The answer from the major Internet service providers, the telephone and cable companies, is “no.” Small clips are fine, but TV-quality and especially high-definition programming could make the Internet choke. Most home Internet use is in brief bursts an e-mail here, a Web page there. If people start watching streaming video like they watch TV for hours at a time that puts a strain on the Internet that it wasn’t designed for, ISPs say, and beefing up the Internet’s capacity to prevent that will be expensive. To offset that cost, ISPs want to start charging content providers to ensure delivery of large video files, for example. Internet activists and consumer groups are vehemently against those plans, saying they amount to tilting the Internet’s level playing field, one of the things that encourages innovation. They want legislation to guarantee a “neutral” Internet, but prospects appear slim. At the heart of the debate is a key question: How much would it really cost the Internet carriers to provide a couple of hours of prime-time TV over their networks every day? The carriers are playing their cards fairly close to their chest, but there are ways to get close to an answer. One data point: As a rough estimate, an always-on, 1 megabit-per-second tap into the Internet backbone in downtown Atlanta, bought wholesale, costs an ISP $10 to $20 a month, according to the research firm TeleGeography Inc. An ISP’s business is carrying data from that tap to the customer. One megabit per second doesn’t sound like that much, but ISPs spread that bandwidth out over their subscribers. Analysts estimate that ISPs sell around 30 times more bandwidth to their end users than they can connect simultaneously to the Internet (the figure probably varies widely from provider to provider). In this sense, broadband is like old-fashioned telephone service, where there are always more lines leading from homes to the local switching station than there are going from the station out of the neighborhood. If everyone in a neighborhood picks up the phone at once, some calls won’t go through because there aren’t enough outgoing lines. But that rarely happens, so the system works. On the broadband network, the oversubscription means that one megabit-per-second connection to the Internet is enough to serve 40 DSL accounts, each at a maximum speed of 768 kilobits per second, typical for low-end DSL. So the cost of providing data to each DSL is about 25 cents to 50 cents a month per customer. Of course, the carrier also needs to pay for the equipment that brings data from the Internet connection point to the subscriber, first through fiber-optic lines and then through DSL or cable. Oversubscription doesn’t present a problem as long as people are using the Internet for Web surfing, e-mail and the occasional file download. But if everyone in a neighborhood is trying to download the evening news at the same time, it’s not going to work. “The plain truth is that today’s access and backbone networks simply do not have the capacity to deliver all that customers expect,” according to Tom Tauke, Verizon Communications Inc.’s top lobbyist. The solution, of course, is to make the pipes connecting to the Internet fatter. To illustrate what that would mean, BellSouth Corp.’s chief architect, Henry Kafka, uses the assumption that the cost of providing a month’s worth of data to the average user, about 2 gigabytes, costs the company $1. That’s a fairly small amount compared to the $25 to $47 a month BellSouth charges for DSL, but then the company has to pay for sales, support, maintenance and a host of other costs. If that same user were to start downloading five TV-quality movies per month, BellSouth’s data cost, not including the cost of maintaining the DSL line, would go up to $4.50 a month. Higher, but perhaps not high enough to break BellSouth’s business model. But if the customer starts watching Internet TV like the average household watches regular TV, 8 hours a day, BellSouth’s cost would go up to $112 a month, according to Kafka. “We don’t expect to get to the point where we’re charging anyone those kinds of prices for Internet service, but it does reflect the kind of impact that high-quality video could have on the network and business models for providing the Internet,” Kafka said. To deal with that, Kafka said says BellSouth might put caps on the amount of data that a residential user gets for free, and charge extra if the user goes over, much like cell phone users pay overages. Other options include charging content providers extra for guaranteed delivery, the kind of model that has raised the hackles of Internet content providers and activists. However, Kafka’s estimates for these costs aren’t really BellSouth’s. Like other telephone companies, they don’t disclose their actual costs. Instead, Kafka’s base figure of $1 for 2 gigabytes of data per month is based on an estimate by Dave Burstein, editor of the DSL Prime newsletter, and Burstein thinks Kafka has it wrong. “Traffic just isn’t moving up that fast,” Burstein said. “It will go up and it will go up faster, but not fast enough to be dollars and cents that really matter.” Internet video is still just a small fraction of the total amount of video people watch, and that’s unlikely to change overnight, in Burstein’s opinion. In fact, he said, Internet traffic has increased much more slowly than the prices of Internet-carrying equipment like switches and routers have fallen, and that trend is likely to continue. Burstein believes the danger of letting the carriers charge extra for guaranteed delivery is that they’ll put the spending for upgrades into creating that extra “toll lane,” and won’t reduce oversubscription in the rest of the network even though it would be cheap to do so. Both Verizon and AT&T Inc. have said they won’t degrade or block anyone’s Internet traffic. But it’s impossible to tell what goes on inside their networks. The message: Stay tuned, and watch your download speeds.last_img read more